Thursday , May 26 2022

The NASA InSight robot landed on Mars. Here's what he's found.


Although online shoppers celebrate Cyber ​​Monday agreements, NASA researchers successfully enjoyed the landing of a new Marsh racer.

The mission is called around $ 830 million in InSight-short for "Exploration Interior using Seismic Investigations, Geodesi and Transport."

NASA screwed its 789-pound robot to Mars on May 5, together with two large size libraries of the name MarsCubeOne that stimulated the spacecraft to help record and exchange vital data.

InSight completed a 14 minute turnover to the Martian face about 2:54 p.m. ET on Monday, he confirmed his arrival safely with a booth – a second sent scientists and engineers jumping and screaming for joy in mission management at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California.

Lords of Mars today was the first since the rover of nuclear power curiosity reached the red planet's face more than six years ago.

Read more: 13 incredible facts that you did not know about Mars

Now NASA has a new high tech robot on the Martian surface, planetary scientists are eager to put InSight into work. But they will have to wait until Monday night to know sure that InSight is healthy.

"We're going to start a lot of dust when we're going to, and we need to set that dust settles before we want to fill our solar layers," said Tom Hoffman, charge load manager InSight mission, during NASA live broadcast. "We're not 100% of solar energy, so it's very important that we get those."

NASA expects to confirm that solar panels are used at 8:30 p.m. EST. Assuming that everything goes well, the spacecraft will be ready to test Mars over the next two years of Earth in ways researchers have dreamed about.

"InSight is a very different mission in the sense that it looks in the past by studying, in fact, inside Mars," Robert Braun, a former NASA technologist and technical consultant for the "Mars" National Geographic series, which was previously said to Business Insider. "In doing so, we will learn about Mars, but also about the early history of the Earth."

This is what NASA hopes to discover with InSight now that the scanner has arrived safely.

Why was NASA landed InSight on flat Martian apartment

Simulation of Elysium Planitia on Mars.
NASA / JPL-Caltech

InSight led Mars on a place called Elysium Planitia. There is a relatively flat base region that is not boulders, scrapers, and other obstructions that come from a mission.

The location may be boring – certainly compared to the ancient mount Curiosity is now climbing – but researchers say that InSight is well placed to eliminate an unexpected scientific mission of & Previous.

Elysium Planitia sits just north to the junction of the Martian colonial, where the rays of the sun are relatively strong during the year. Using two circular solar panels to capture the free energy, InSight could operate for two years Earth (or one year Martian).

NASA led its InSight robot at Elysium Planitia near the Martian boats.
NASA; Internal Business

That's a big difference to the almost identical predecessor's mission in InSight, the Phoenix Mars Lander.

Phoenix led in 2008 and digged for ice-water near the northern pole of Mars. But the robot died after a few months since sunlight was too expensive to heat his electronics.

Although InSight has different scientific instruments from Phoenix, however, and researchers believe that the soil at Elysium Planitia is free enough to allow the robot to heat heat heat deeply to the ground.

This will help InSight achieve the first "check" of the 4.6 billion age planet.

"InSight's aim is to study inside Mars and take essential signs, bullet and temperature," said NASA on its mission website. "To look deeper into Mars, the landmer needs to be in a place where he can remain silent and quiet to all the mission. That's why scientists Elysium Planitia chose as an InSight home. "

Experience the ancient secrets of Mars – and the Earth, too

A smart picture showing what scientists think that inside Mars might appear.

The InSight mission aims to identify how Mars formed and what happened to the planet since then. Scientists know that Mars has produced a magnetic dynamo that protects the atmosphere, as the Earth is still today. But Martian's core dynamo was closed to an end and the planet's shield shield disappeared, which allowed the sun to blow the atmosphere of Mars and oceans.

Now InSight is powered and in connection with the Earth, it will use its robotic arm to use a dome-shaped tool off its landing platform and put it on the Martian surface. The dome contains six sensitive vibration detection devices of the name of seismometrists.

Seismometers on Earth and Moon (the Apollo astronauts have used some on the gray surface) have recorded earthquakes and moonbeats, which have helped scientists identify the inner structure of that rocky world. On Mars, NASA researchers are hoping to achieve a similar sport: listening to Mars wakes.

Whenever a meteorite hits Mars, or if there is a landslide, or a magma blob is suddenly shifting, or if there is a tectonic movement, the InSight seismometer should detect vibrations of this type. The devices can even record seismic activity of all the way across the planet.

Over time, data on Mars boats could disclose information to date without being known about the planet's internal structure.

The other device in InSight will be used as a similar heat search engine. The 6.5-lb auditor will hammer into the soil, preventing as little as possible to heat. Then a sensor on the board will find out how much time it takes to warm up that warmth.

Artist artist of the InSight lander on Mars.
NASA / JPL-Caltech

The applicant is expected to tie 16 feet down – far deeper than any previous entry in March, never reached with squash, spade, or drills.

"When we go down that deep, we will go away from all the surface temperature variations," said the mission's principle investigator, Suzanne Smrekar, during a press briefing session in October . "That's telling us about the heat that comes out of the planet – the energy available for driving geological activity."

The data will help Smrekar and others to calculate how fast energy in the center of Mars core can escape – which is equivalent to taking the temperature of the planet.

Such a warmth is left from the formation of Mars about 4.6 billion years ago, although it also prevents radioactive elements. These measurements are essential for the red decomposition of the red planet, as well as on Earth planets and other rocky plants. That is because heat flow of the core can help to drive plate tectonics, a factor that is believed to separate worlds that can be lived by some dead.

Researchers can also use the data to find out if groundwater pools could exist on the Mars. Such ponds, if present, can support alien microbial life (and provide rich targets for future aviation trips).

Back on the surface, InSight will also use a sensitive radio science experiment to see how deep Mars turns during its orbit around the sun, which takes about two years Earth. This data should tell researchers what is happening in the deeper parts of the planet's core.

The lead scientist on the InSight to Mars mission, Bruce Banerdt, speaks during a press conference on October 31, 2018.
NASA / Bill Ingalls

Looking at the history of Mars, scientists think we're sure to learn about the origin of our own planet.

"The Earth … is a large planet that has a lot of heat, a lot of energy, and has been very geologically active over its entire history. So most & The record of the early processes that formed the Earth had been deleted, "Tom Hoffman, the InSight mission charge load manager, said during a press briefing session in October NASA. "We'd like to get a slightly more expensive planet that can save that evidence."

This makes Marsate sedate, which is similar to Earth but has still been frozen almost in time, the perfect place to look.

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