Thursday , August 11 2022

MIT researchers solve a quandary decades


MIT physicists have announced that they have found the answer to a question that has challenged nuclear physicists for 35 years. The mystery was why quarks move slower inside more atoms? Quark is a basic building block of the universe.

Quarks are isotome particles and are known to be the smallest particles, and operate at higher energy levels than their protons and neutrons. The assumption in scientific circles was that quark should be unfavorable to proton and neutron characteristics as well as the atomic that it lives as a whole.

However, in 1983, CERN physicists first saw something called the EMC. Scientists say that the quarks move significantly slowly into a nucleus of iron that has many protons and neutrons or quarks moving in the deuterium. The latter has only one proton and neutron.

Evidence has been collected over the years that show us a larger nucleus, and slower the quarks inside move. Researchers MIT Or Hen, Barak Schmookler, and Axel Schmidt have found an explanation for EMC. The team says that the speed of the quark depends on the number of prototons and neutrons that form the corresponding pairs of a short range in our nucleus.

The more pairs, the slower quarks move within protons and neutrons and the atoms. According to Schmidt, the protons and neutrons inside an atom are constantly preparing, but only briefly before separating them separately. During the interaction, Schmidt believes that the "Quarks" has a bigger size to play. " It indicates that quantum mechanics when you increase the volume that an object has restricted, it is slowing down. When space is tighter, the object accelerates. The largest is our nucleus, the most prototypes and neutrons it has, which means the slower speeds for the quark.

Source link