The World Health Organization (WHO) today announced the first global guidance for managing the physical health status of adults with severe mental illness.
According to WHO, people with severe mental illnesses generally have a life expectancy between 10 and 20 years less than a general population. This includes moderate to severe depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and other psychotic conditions.
Although most of these premature deaths are due to physical health conditions, access to comprehensive health services, which offers health promotion, analysis and treatment programs for physical and mental health status, continues beyond arrival. of most of them.
WHO's first type of guidance aims to help treat people with severe mental illnesses that have cardiovascular disease, diabetes, HIV / AIDS, tuberculosis and hepatitis B and C, and diseases that are # 39; n derived from reliance. tobacco, alcohol misuse or other substances and / or overweight.
They provide recommendations that are about lifestyle changes, such as a healthier diet, more physical activity and smoking cessation, psychosocial support, and medicines, taking into account possible interactions between different prescription drugs on for mental and physical health conditions
In order to improve the health of people with severe mental illness and increase their life expectancy, the guidance recommends individual health interventions, adaptations to health systems and actions that can be taken at community level.
In addition, it includes the training of health personnel, the provision of appropriate medicines and the adaptation of health information systems to collect data on the use of the necessary services that should be established in case they do not exist.
On an individual level, WHO stated that there was a need to identify and treat risk factors for poor physical health, such as smoking, unhealthy diet or regular physical impairment, as well as physical health conditions.