According to strategiesgroup.net
Telefónica arrived in Central America in the 1990s, with the wave of privatization in the sector. The company was able to open places to reinforce the operation of Central America, where it was even counted on the support of local partners such as the Guatemalan Injury.
Anyway, its parent company's crisis has forced him to reorganize its structure, which includes selling some of the operations in the isthmus, controlled under the Movistar brand, while already discussing the removal of their data centers.
The departure of the region (in some markets subject to the approval of the regulators) will bring challenges to the markets, Spanish introduced an aggressive model, commitment to data and discrimination of supply. The map will gradually leave Spanish brand water to give Claro (Mexican Mexican Mobile subsidiary) opportunity to Tigo (subsidiary and Millicom International Multi-commercial Cellullar based on Luxembourg based) respectively .
The first major deal was to sell operations in Guatemala and El Salvador, an agreement with which Mobile America pays US $ 648 million.
The second, which includes markets Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama – where it has a leading position – has risen to US $ 1,650 million, a figure that agreed with Tigo following a proposal relating to AT & T and Liberty Latin America.
The operation of the south of the isthmus served – in combination – to 8.7 million users, while Guatemala and El Salvador have four million subscribers in services that include mobile telephony and cable and satellite television services.
In general, Telefónica had successfully served a community of 12.7 million users. The exit It will stimulate market reconfiguration and leave two main regional competitors: America Móvil (Claro) and Millicom (Tigo), companies that consolidate a portfolio of specialist services beyond telephony networks, as they contain data, television and programs for SMEs, solutions that gain weight in a shift-to-digit economy.
Know the panorama after the agreements and state of the markets in the fourth quarter of 2018 with data from GSMA Intelligence.
After the Claro phone departure go into direct fighting with Tigo. America Móvil paid US $ 333 million for Telefónica. According to data from the Senior Telecommunications Inspectorate (SIT), Claro owns 46.84% of subscribers sharing against the 53.16% that Tigo already has..
Guatemala has a population of 17.4 million and has 20.4 million connections, while 94% of the mobile telephony market has located in the pre-paid segment.
General Electricity and Telecommunications (Siget) Surveillance maintains the current market participation information of the telephone operators as a reserve reserve. The market is one of the most competitive isthmus, today it has five operators in the field: Claro, Digicel, Movistar, Coch and Tigo.
America Móvil (parent company Claro) reached a purchase agreement for US $ 333 million, which is waiting for approval by the competition regulator.
According to the latest data from GSMA Intelligence, the country (of 6.4 million residents) has 10.2 million contacts, however, 83% are the result of the pre-payment segment.
The purchase agreement for the Telefónica surgery would leave Claro, a company that belongs to the group of companies that belong to Mexican zoo Carlos Slim, is advantageous. Taking the designated frequencies as a reference, the company's union would leave Claro with a comfortable advantage over its competitor. Today, the El Salvador Competition Supervisor (SC) explained that he has not yet received the application to allow economic concentration by AMX – Claro to formally acquire Telefónica de El Salvador.
In 2012, the SC rejected Claro (América Móvil) to buy the Digicel operation in El Salvador because it states at the time: "there is a high likelihood of producing adverse effects on consumer competition and well-being dynamics in the fixed and mobile telephony markets. "
Today, SC informed that "every purchase case is very special". He added: "Refusing the SC to focus Claro – Digicel does not belong to any details to what's happening on this occasion."
This market It was not part of the latest moves as this is the only market where Telefónica did not have operations, but where there is an open fighting between Claro and Tigo. The country has 9.5 million residents with 8.4 million contacts and 91% of accommodation corresponds to the pre-paid method.
Hondutel also competes in the square.
Millicom paid US $ 430 million for the Telefónica surgery and is combined as the number one operator in the square where Claro, CooTel (Xinwei Telecom) are taking part.
The country has 6.3 million residents, it has 9.6 million connections, but the rate of prepayment is 78%.
According to Millicom, the transaction leaves control of the number number operator of a square, a market that uses high mobile data and where 4G networks already contain 85% of population, the highest rate in the Central American region.
The number one is Kölbi, the subsidiary of the Costarricense de Electricidad Foundation, a company that up to 2011 was the only mobile operator.
Costa Rica has a population of five million residents and has 8.9 million contacts and 77% already.
In the Panamanian market, Tigo also makes the first time with the premier operator's purchase and complements an operation that already has control of Cable Onda, an investment that confirmed in October and leaves the doors open to offer triple play.
In Panama, the company competes with Claro, Digicel and Cable & Wireless with its brand + Mobile.
The country has a population of 4.2 million residents, but it has 4.7 million contacts and 86% is being prepared.