The World Health Organization (WHO) warned Monday the dangerous rise in the use of antibiotics in some countries, but also being consumed low in other regions, which can lead to the appearance of "superbacteria".
The WHO report, based on 2015 data collected in 65 countries and regions, shows a significant difference in use, ranging from 4 daily doses (DDD) defined per 1,000 residents per day in Burundi to more of 64 in Mongolia.
"These differences show that some countries are likely to eat too many antibiotics while others will not have adequate access to these drugs," said the WHO in a statement.
After discovering in the 1920s, antibiotics saved tens of millions of lives effectively fighting against bacteriological diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis and meningitis.
However, over the years, the bacteria have been adapted to resist these medicines.
WHO has warned several times that the number of effective antibiotics is shrinking in the world.
Last year, exactly, the United Nations agency asked the US and the large pharmaceutical groups to create a new generation of drugs that could fight the anti-objectionable "superbacteria".
Suzanne Hill, director of Medicines and Essential Health Products in the WHO, said in a statement, "Drinking too much as well as using a number of antibiotics is adequate.
"We will lose our ability to treat infections"
"Without other effective antimicrobials and antimicrobials, we will lose our ability to treat infections as widely as pneumonia," he said.
Bacteria can become resistant when patients use antibiotics that they do not need or when they do not finish their treatments. The bacteria therefore has more facility to survive and develop immunity.
But WHO also worries about the low use of antibiotics.
"It can resist development when patients can not afford full treatment or only access to lower quality drugs or exchanges," said the report.
In Europe, the average use of antibiotics is about 18 DDD per 1,000 inhabitants per day. Turkey is the list (38 DDD), which is about 5 times more than the last of the site, Azerbaijan (8 DDD).
However, WHO recognizes that its report is incomplete because there are only four countries in Africa, three in the Middle East and six in the Asia-Pacific region. In addition, the great absence of this study is in the United States, China and India.
Since 2016, WHO has helped 57 low and medium-sized countries to collect data to create a standard system for tracking antibiotic use.