The The United Nations recognized this Wednesday the medicinal properties of cannabis in a vote in Vienna of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, the executive body on United Nations drug policy.
Most simple of 53 Commission States decided to withdraw cannabis and its resin from Schedule IV of the 1961 Convention on Drugs, which means that the United Nations officially recognizes the medical usefulness of that plant. However, its recreational use will continue to be prohibited in international regulations.
Almost all European Union States, with the exception of Hungary, added a simple majority of 27 votes to approve the change. The reform is one of the most important in the field of drugs in recent decades.
In that Convention, cannabis is distributed in the listings I and IV, the latter reserved for the most dangerous drugs, such as heroin, and of little medical value.
This UN change will facilitate cannabis research, which it has active ingredients that showed promising results in the treatment of Parkinson’s, sclerosis, epilepsy, chronic pain and cancer.
The vote came nearly two years after the World Health Organization (WHO) ruled that recognizes the medical usefulness of cannabis and recommend removal from List IV.
At the same time he proposed keep cannabis on Schedule I, where narcotics are found under international control because of their addictive nature but accessible for medical activities, a situation where other narcotics are found, such as morphine.
That recommendation was based on the WHO’s first critical study on cannabis, the world’s most popular drug with around 200 million users, according to United Nations estimates.
WHO is responsible for scientifically assessing to the Commission the potential therapeutic properties a the damage caused by drug addiction. Its recommendations are usually adopted without much debate.
However, in this case the vote was preceded by a huge one argument and several adjournments during the past two years. There were big differences between those provinces in favor of change and those who insisted on maintaining the “status quo”.
EU countries along with others like Argentina, Canada, Colombia, the United States, Mexico, Uruguay and Ecuador, among others, supported continuing scientific criteria of the World Health Organization.
Time 50 countries various medical cannabis programs began. The UN resolution will, predictably, promote such policies as well as the investigation with the factory.
Argentina already decided in November to legalize the self-treatment of marijuana for medicinal use. Similarly, it will allow the sale of oils, creams and other derivatives of the plant for therapeutic purposes.
So far the cannabis medical research it was possible on a limited basis, because List IV acts as a brake for many laboratories.
The states that voted against, led by Russia, China, Brazil and Pakistan, consider the relaxation of cannabis control sends the wrong message. A situation that occurs at a time when some countries, such as Canada or Uruguay, legalized marijuana in violation of international treaties.
Those States opposed to any change, which were also Cuba and Venezuela, believe that this decision undermines cannabis use. In addition, it reduces the damage to health it produces, such as an increase in some mental disorders.