In this first pilot trial of two arms, published in the journal 'Nutrition Research', women were recruited with lumps of breast that were big enough to perform biopsies, and he & # 39 u randomly assigned to groups using nuts or control groups. Immediately after the biopsy, women in the nut group started drinking 57 grams a day until the follow-up operation.
Pathological studies confirmed that all women who remained in the trial were breast cancer. In surgery, about two weeks after the biopsy, additional samples were taken from the tumors.
RNA's sequencing profile revealed that the expression of 456 genes identified was significantly adjusted in the tumor due to the eating of nuts.
"These results support the theory that eating nuts, in humans, could prevent the growth and survival of breast cancers." More research would be needed through a large-scale study to clinically confirm that their use was actually reducing. risk of breast cancer or recurrence, ”explains W. Elaine Hardman, professor at the Department of Biomedical Sciences at Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine at Marshall University.
Other studies have linked nut use to other health benefits. For example, a systematic review of 26 clinical trials from Harvard University suggests that diets that have been enriched with nuts may reduce the total amount of cholesterol, bad cholesterol, triglycerides and apolipoprotein B. .
In addition, other research has shown that walnuts help control weight due to its high content in unsaturated fat, according to a study published in the Journal of American Heart Association. Eating a diet containing unsaturated fat, such as nuts, has similar weight loss effects to a high fat diet, high carbohydrate.
On the other hand, according to a paper from the University of California in Los Angeles (United States), those who ate nut could halve the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in comparison with & t # Those adults who do not eat them.
After evaluating more than 34,000 adults, the use of 3 tablespoons of nuts a day was associated with a decrease in the incidence of type 2 diabetes of 47 percent. This amount almost reaches the recommended dose, which equates to 4 tablespoons or 30 grams per day.