Mars InSight is at a speed of 19,800 kilometer per hour, joining land with the goal of starting its mission: listening to earthquakes and studying the interior work of the rocky planet.
The ship must survive a difficult attempt to the red planet's atmosphere and the task of reducing its speed quickly to just 8km per hour.
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The $ 993 million spacecraft was launched unfinished almost seven months ago (May 5) from Vandenberg Air Base in California and has traveled around 482 million kilometers. Part of his mission is to inform the attempts to send some human scouts to the red planet, which Nasa hopes to achieve in 2030.
Mars is the first land on Mars since 2012, when the curious curiosity
NASA tossed the surface and analyzed the rocks for signs of life that could have lived in the planet next to the Earth, which has now been frozen and dried.
The entry, collapse and landing period will start this Monday at 19:47 GMT (2:47 p.m., time Colombia). Half an enchanting, in Nasa they allege to that period as the "six and a half minutes of terrorism".
Its central instrument is a seismometer finding a earthquake developed by the French Space Agency (CNES).
The six earthquake sensors on the board are so sensitive that they should disclose the least wandering on Mars, such as the removal of Phobos moon weakness, the effects of the meteors and possibly evidence of volcanic activity.
"This is the first mission that will be studying inside deep depth of Mars," said Spanish Fernando Abilleira, deputy director of design and steering InSight. "By studying wave multiplication under the surface of Mars, through its seismometer, we will have more information on how the planet has evolved in the last 3,000 million years," he added.
Seismology has learned a lot of humanity to form Earth, about 4.5 billion years ago, but many Earth based evidence has been lost when recycling the crust, has & To drive from plate lactone. This process does not exist on the Mars.
The other instrument that is prominent is the auditor of physical properties and heat flow (HP3), built by the German Aerospace Center (DLR), which will be implanted in Martian soil about 5 meters from depth to offer the first accurate measurement of underground temperature on the Mars and the amount of heat that escapes from the inside.
The InSight cleansing will be bored by a parachute. Its heat shield will help slow down the ship and protect against the friction of access to the planet of the red planet.
The landing site is an apartment area of the name Elysium Planitia, of which NASA has called "the largest car park on the Mars".
NASA will know in a few minutes if the landing was successful or not, but it will have to wait more than five hours to confirm the use of the equipment.
Of 43 voyages launched to Mars, only 18 have reached the red planet, a 40% successful rate, and all US came. "Going to Mars is very difficult," said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator of the Science Chemistry Directorate at NASA.
"The exciting part is that we build on the success of the best team that has ever landed on this planet, the NASA team with its contractors and colleagues," he added.
Other details of the auditor
The InSight name is derived from internal Investigation using seismic investigations, heat praises and transportation. The spacecraft stops about a meter from the surface, and once it uses its solar panels, these will extend almost 6 meters. With a full load of fuel, it's weighing more than 360 kg, almost the same as the Harley Davidson motorcycle.
AFP and EFE