People who care for someone who is very fond of Alzheimer's & or else kind of dementia they should focus on four main safety issues, said one expert.
According to the Alzheimer's Society, almost 6 million Americans suffer from Alzheimer's. About 16.1 million Americans provide unpaid care for people with Alzheimer's or other dementia.
"When I look after a family with a family, I'm going to follow the safe and healthy standard," said Dr Andrew Duxbury, a geriatrician at the Department of Gerontology, Geriatrics and Palliative Care at the University of Alabama, Birmingham.
"Everything we do must ensure that the patient is safe and that the family is safe." In terms of safety, there are four main factors: meals, transport, bills and pills, "he explained in a statement to the university's press.
In terms of meals, carers should consider if the person can prepare food, eat healthy and adequate food, and if they are aware they need to eat, Duxbury said. "If any loop in that chain is broken, the person may not eat," he warned.
In terms of kitchen safety, the biggest problem is that they leave things on the stove or forget to turn off the stove, but if cooking is part of someone's order, let it cook on its own when watching what they do from another room, "he said.
"You'll see this way: Would you let me 12-year-old lunch? It might be, but definitely, in the next room we would be looking for something to happen," said Duxbury.
Other suggestions include planning meals that require very little preparation or can be done in the microwave; remove scissors and knives of countertops and take pictures; place labels on kitchen cabinets; and hide changing the waste disposal to prevent someone accidentally turning.
It is not certain that patients with advanced stage dementia prepare food on the stove or the oven, Duxbury said.
In terms of leaving home, loss of independence that occurs when you have to give the best to drive can be difficult for patients with dementia.
"Many times, an older man simply wants to have the keys of the car, feel they are in his pocket and see the car at the entrance," said Duxbury. "You can leave the keys, but not the keys of the car, put the keys to another car or delete the car key from the key chain, so that you have the keys, you will hear them in your pocket and you sees the car, but you will not be able to go anywhere. "
If someone can no longer drive, carers should make sure there is another type of transport, especially for medical appointments. Make arrangements for getting medication, purchases or meals to send.
Evaluate and monitor the person's financial position to ensure that they have enough money to pay the bills, and who do not take advantage of it or not cheat, Duxbury advised.
Many older people take multiple medicines. Those with dementia often forget to take their pills, or take pills with each other that can cause adverse side effects. Carers should ensure that their loved ones control their medication correctly and attend appointments with the doctor. It is also important to be aware of the other health problems of the person.
To help your love, prepare a pill with pills a week, arranged for everyday. Some boxes have timer boxes and patches that may be ready to stop taking the wrong day dose.
Duxbury said that most people with dementia believe that they are right.
"Families should remember that a person with dementia does not live in the same reality as we do," he added. "They really live in dementia their brains, those individuals could have totally different perceptions of the world that surround them and their meanings … We must accept that reality as it is. "
The National Institute of Aging in the United States offers more information about caring for a person with Alzheimer's.