November 27, 2018 03:26 PM
After lasting on November 27, 2018 5:15 PM
Nicolás Maduro's government faces a series of sanctions, many of which have alleged implications in pollution, money laundering, humanitarian offenses on behalf of Venezuelan officials and the deterioration of the country.
The United States, Canada and the European Union (EU) ordered to block property and prohibit access to the territories of President Nicolás Maduro and senior leaders of his government. Since 2015, advanced penalties have been given to officers and ex-officers; Overall, at least 76 are punished.
"Nicolás Maduro's government has made a great political effort in Europe and in other latitudes, however, at the end of 2018, most nations want to have the least kind of relationship with governments where members have serious suspected crimes against humanity, "said Daniel Varnagy, PhD in Political Science, Professor and co-ordinator of the Simón Bolívar University (Economics) course of Economics, The National We.
Infographic: Gabriela Galíndez – The National We
On 6 November, the EU extended the exclusions of weapons and individual penalties to those responsible for alleged human rights offenses for one year. The international institution believes that the situation in the country's deterioration continues.
Varnagy believes that sanctions, which have a pragmatic and symbolic element, produce international pressures. "On the pragmatic side, Europe is trying to undermine the continuation of power, while it is not at the symbolic point to have anything to do with authoritative systems that are based on the decline of citizens, as well at at some point they live in, "he explained. .
Julio Castellanos, Venezuelan political scientist explained that the reasons for sanctioning approval are the barrier of democratic yarn and human rights breach.
"The European community extends the sanctions because the incentives are still present, there has been no clear intention to compensate for the damage that Maduro's government causes to the national democratic institutional organization and Rules of Law, "he emphasized.
Castellanos assured that the sanctions could be much harder, however, he noted that the penalties should be completely common in order to ensure that the constitutional thread is restored.
"The coalition of countries that penalize Venezuela is required to include nations such as China and Russia," said Castellanos, who ensured that if this requirement is not met, Maduro's government will find channels to hold it It's financially even though the cost is higher. which suffers citizens.
Dialogue: the real solution?
Countries belonging to the Lima Group do not support the possibility of military intervention in Venezuela, while other European nations and the region consider penalties to emphasize Maduro's government. On his behalf, Josep Borrell, the Spanish Foreign Minister of Spain, said that international pressure was maintained as the only answer was "unfavorable" if there were no conditions for dialogue.
Political scientist Julio Castellanos argued that military intervention would be used by the government as a check on international conspiracy. "The system would have the excuse to attack violently and violently against those who are considered to be their internal enemies." He also explained that the right word, before "dialogue", was "negotiated".
"Searching for a solution that was discussed to the Venezuelan crossroads is the most reasonable. In addition, not only is the situation in Spain, it is also the EU situation and the rest of the international community," he said. the expert
Professor Daniel Varnagy noted that the dialogue could be held depending on the discussions placed on the board.
"Negotiations outside the Constitution are not ethical or at least legal. Any negotiating that must happen should be based on respect for the concept of the Law, laws and law; The current Constitution, "he said.
Varnagy noted that any agreement that moves away from the ethical concept can not be classified as an agreement. "The situation in the country is so awful that system can only be restored by changing a system, the change in this system is an ethical order," he explained.
What is expected for 2019
Experts agree that the decline of Venezuelan quality of life can exacerbate if the government's lack of action takes place against hyperinflation and lack of food.
"Only a legitimate government, chosen through transparent and unexpected elections, enjoys international credibility and national confidence, which can face the critical decision that comes from a deeper crisis kind, "said Castellanos.
He ensured that there were three data that cause concern to the nation: citizen security control is increasingly militarized, inability for regional governments to honor labor commitments (which would create a high union conflict for 2019) and the absence of peaceful and electoral routes.
"By not having peaceful places, there is a dangerous privilege on the part of the public's opinion to approve the amount of radical that it promises or trying to act violently," he said.
On the other hand, Daniel Varnagy emphasized that, although there are official publications that indicate that there are no exchange controls, consistent government regulations are in line with hyperinflation in the country.
"At the end of the year, the national government can be witnessing an increase in protests, for public services and for food and medicine. With this, the government will have to somehow understand that this model is a non-sustainable model over time, "he said.
The sanctions could increase for next year because different international organizations and world countries have warned that January 10 is the closing date for the authenticity of Maduro President. The National Assembly ensures that there will be a power vacuum by 2019 because they are of the opinion that May 20 elections are illegal, they also state that the international community should work together to achieve "restoring democracy" in the country.