Friday , August 19 2022

Medical groups are calling for taxes and regulations on children's access to sugary drinks


NEW YORK (CNN) – Doctors groups have taken a long stand against drinking sugary drinks in the US – and now they are calling for a number of policies to restrict access to sugary sugar drinks among children and teenagers.

The American Academy of Paediatrics and the American Heart Society released policy recommendations on Monday aimed at federal, state and local legislators, encouraging them to implement policies that would reduce the number of children drinking sugary drinks, such as sodas, sports drinks and juices.

The policy statement is the first time AAP recommended taxes on sugary drinks, he said.

"I'm talking with my patients and their families by the time about the health damage to sugary drinks and the advantage of drinking water and milk mainly. But still To be, a sugary drink is a main warming in a lot of children's diets, they are cheap, easy to find, have a heavy marketing, and to taste it sweetly t , so children like them, "says Dr. Natalie Muth, an active pediatrician and registered dietitian in Carlsbad, California, who was the lead author of the policy statement, published in the journal Pediatrics.

"At the same time, paediatricians diagnose type 2 diabetes, fatty liver disease and high cholesterol in our young patients. These are health problems that we don't see very often in the past. health problems related to the amount of high sugar, "Muth said.

"We have tried and failed to prevent sugary drink intake through education and individual choices only," he said. "As policy changes were necessary and effective in reducing tobacco and alcohol use, we need policy changes that will help reduce the consumption of sugar drinks in children and young people."

The policy statement specifically requires: t

  • excise tax on sugary sugar drinks;
  • federal and state governments to support a reduction in the marketing of sugary drinks for children and teenagers;
  • federal nutrition support programs to ensure access to healthy foods and discourage the consumption of sweet-sugar drinks;
  • regulations requiring the inclusion of added sugar content on nutrition labels, restaurant menus and advertisements;
  • making healthy drinks, such as milk and water, the default on children's menus;
  • and the implementation of policies in hospitals to limit or abolish the purchase of sugary drinks.

From all of those policy recommendations, Muth said that sugar beverage excise tax has the most "evidence and precedent" to be most effective.

"We know that price increases lead to a reduction in consumption," he said. "We know from the examples of communities where sugar tax has already been implemented," like Mexico and Berkeley, California.

In response to the policy statement, "American drinks companies believe there is a better way to help reduce the amount of sugar consumers get from drinks and includes putting parents in the driver's seat to decide t what is best for their children, "William Dermody, spokesman for the American Drink Association, representing the alcohol-free drinks industry, in a statement.

The society argues that drinks are not unique drivers of obesity rates and diseases associated with obesity in the United States, as obesity rates have been rising while soda eating rates have been declining. .

"We support parents who want less sugar in their children's diets by creating more drinks than ever before with less or no sugar, as well as smaller sizes, and by supporting efforts to make water, milk. or 100 percent juice of the dishes restaurants serve with kids meals, "he added. "Today, 50 per cent of all drinks sold contain no sugar as we drive towards a goal of reducing 20% ​​drink calories by 2025."

Efforts to make water or milk drinks on children's menus were among the policy recommendations introduced in the new policy statement by the American Academy of Paediatrics and the American Heart Association.

The new policy statement comes on its own in a separate study, published last week in Circulation magazine, which found a positive association between drinking long-term sugary drinks and premature death in adults in the US. .

"Most of my work has focused on adults and we have shown that, in addition to weight gain, regular consumption of sugary drinks is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease," t Stroke, high blood pressure, some cancers and premature death, "said Vasanti Malik, a research scientist at Harvard TH Nutrition Department of the School of Public Health, who was not part of the new policy statement but led that separate study. t .

He also praised the new policy statement.

"I thought the joint statement gave a good summary of some key policy strategies to support a reduction in drinking drinks for children and adults," Malik said about the policy statement. "The reason for this call to action is because of the strong and consistent evidence linking sugar intake intake with poor health outcomes."

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