Saturday , February 27 2021

Does alcohol give you a boost or injury? Scientists reveal five types of problem drinkers

You may have thought that all drinkers could be banded into one category. But now scientists claim that there are five different types.

State University researchers, Pennsylvania defined behind the discovery, each of the profiles with a set of varied features.

They range from those who find it difficult to break back on alcohol, to those who take more risks when they are drunk And those who experience too many victims.

Scientists found that every profile exists among people of all ages – but each one is more common at different times of life.

Scientists at the State University of Pennsylvania have found five types of problem drinking that appear at different ages by looking at 5,402 people with alcohol disorders

Scientists at the State University of Pennsylvania have found five types of problem drinking that appear at different ages by looking at 5,402 people with alcohol disorders

Diagnosis and treatment of alcohol use disorder should no longer be one-sized, suitable for everyone, according to the doctors.

The findings, drawn from 5,402 people aged 18-34, were published in the Alcohol and Alcoholism science journal.

The sample was restricted to participants who met the criteria for alcohol use disorder in the previous year.

Dr Ashley Linden-Carmichael, co-author study, said: We need to think out if someone has a alcohol use disorder.

He added that doctors need to look specifically at which patients are struggling and are they in a particularly dangerous class.


Injury caused by alcohol

This group accounted for 25 per cent of people, with a peak average of 58 years. In addition to excessive drinking, people in this profile said that they can go into dangerous situations during or after drinking that may have caused injury.

Breaking difficulty

This group accounted for 13 per cent of people, with a peak upgrade at 6. People in this group were struggling with the need to break their problem drinking but could not do so.

An extremely problematic, very low life interference

This group accounted for 21 per cent of people, with a peak average of 18. Although people in this group say they have many symptoms, they said that their drinking did not interfere with their family, friends, work or hobbies.

Only adverse effects

This group accounted for 34 per cent of people, with a peak average of 21. People who fit this profile said they had preventive or subtractive symptoms in addition to excessive drinking.

This is problematic

This group accounted for seven per cent of people, with a 48-year high peak average. People in this group said they had all the symptoms of alcohol use disorder.

Questions were asked to participants such as, In the past year, have you been ill, motivated, disturbed, at the heart of racing when the effects of alcohol are worn, or # 39; n continue to drink although it causes troubles with family or friends.

As well as identifying the five groups, Dr Linden-Carmichael said they were able to use the method to see how common each profile was at different ages.

Dr Linden-Carmichael said the results suggest that healthcare providers should consider looking at a more personalized approach to treating people effectively.

And therapists could, for example, consider when someone is a young adult, they should be looking for that person who is suffering abusive symptoms, & # 39; he says.

And vice versa, if someone is older, they could look for difficulties in breaking their alcohol-related or alcohol-related injuries. & # 39;

In the future, Dr Linden-Carmichael said he would like to use the same method to look at the different classes of alcohol use disorder over time.

He said: "I am interested in seeing, for example, if someone has a particular profile at a young age, what happens to them later?

If a person is only adverse effects at age 21, what is their 60-year-old drink? Do they increase or slow down?

And, if we could have such a similar study but follow them across age, that would be the most intuitive and most useful for exercise.

Alcohol-using disorders can include a variety of symptoms, ranging from more or less of the consumption of more serious symptoms such as the withdrawal of symptoms of non-alcoholism.

An individual is considered to have an alcohol use disorder if they experience two or more of the designated symptoms.

In the UK, around 31 per cent of men and 16 per cent of women usually drink at a level that indicates a higher or higher risk of harm (more than 14 units of alcohol in a normal week), according to figures & NHS. The figure is about 40 percent in the US, suggesting the estimates.

Dr Linden-Carmichael said: Although young adults are at greatest risk of disorder in alcohol use, it is obviously also an issue for people of age or older too.

And, but it may look different and may have difficulties with different aspects of drinking.

The cost of damaging alcohol is an £ 21 billion society annually, according to Aware Drink. From this sum, the NHS costs £ 3.5 billion, in alcohol related crime costs and £ 7.3 billion in lost productivity.

The cost of excessive alcohol consumption in the US reached $ 249 billion in 2010, with most (77 per cent) of these costs due to drinking drinking, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Although teenagers were Britain's largest drinkers, experts are now worried about middle-aged people.

This month was revealed that the number of over 65's cases that were being treated for alcohol misuse increased almost five times in just over a decade.

As a result of Public Health England data, experts warn that the baby boomer & # 39; in denying over alcohol, with the resulting increase with dementia, cancer and liver disease.


AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Tests) is a screening tool used by medical professionals widely. After developing jointly with the World Health Organization, the 10-question test is considered to be in the gold standard in helping to determine if someone has alcohol misuse problems.

The test has been reproduced here with WHO's permission.

To complete, answer each question and enter the corresponding score.


0-7: You are within the sensible drinking range and you have a low risk of alcohol-related problems.

Over 8: Identify harmful or dangerous drinking.

8-15: Medium risk level. Drinking at your current level poses you at risk of developing problems with your health and life in general, such as work and relationships. Consider breaking down (see below for advice).

16-19: Increased risk of complications of alcohol. Breaking back alone could be difficult at this level, as you could be dependent, so you may need professional help from your GP and / or adviser.

20 and over: Potential dependency. Your drinking is already causing you problems, and you could be very dependent. You should definitely consider considering stopping or drinking at least. You should seek professional help to find the level of your dependency and the most secure way of withdrawing alcohol.

Severe reliance may be necessary to be physically removed or detoxed, in a hospital or specialist clinic. This is due to the likelihood of the symptoms of alcohol abstraction in the first 48 hours that require specialist treatment.

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