He started on urine in Cheapside, and ended in a bloody and enthusiastic murder. A poor objective has been responsible for many unexpected deaths, but perhaps not more so than Philip Philip Ashendon.
An enthusiastic range of deadly deaths, deaths and babies recorded by the coroners of London in the early 1300s, Philip's assault is among those who can see in a new interactive map. use death to breathe life in medieval London.
"Many homicides in contemporary society start out of changes that are of very negligible nature," said Professor Manuel Eisner, an expert in the history of violence that drew up the map. The same thing, he says, is true of the past.
On 8 December 1321 a man from the name William Roe visited urine on top of St Vedast Foster Lane. "The urine gave to the shoes of an unknown young man, and as the latter complained, William knocked his finger," the records are known as the "coroners' rolls" reveals add that Poleaxe Roe has to click on the palette in the frack.
Then Philip from Ashendon went into the fray. "[Philip] said William, who was angry, raised the poleaxe and hit Philip over the tide, cutting a wound that pervaded the brain. "
It was far from the only case in the area. The map, which brings about 142 murders, shows that anyone entering the busy commercial world of Cheapside would have done well to be protected: the part are blood shots.
Other cases, a banger fed a man who had been defaming on his own, and a few years later – close to Valentine's Day – a chaplain of the name Alan de Hacford murdered his girlfriend against Walter Anne, throwing it in the stomach with a long narrow knife called mercy after finding him embracing their mutual love.
"[Cheapside] This high street was with many market stalls, probably with many pubs, a lot of potential for conflicting interaction, "said Eisner, adding that the area around the Leadenhall market also appeared particularly bleeding.
The new map has been based on rollers and coroners of the time, copies that cover nine separate years between 1300 and 1340 survive. "There are no before or after records that describe violent incidents in detail," said Eisner, adding that the coroners record unnatural deaths ranging from suicides to murders and unfortunate accidents.
Analysis of the records shows that the majority of murders occurred in public places, while 31% occur on Sunday.
"It's probably the best analogue to focus cases on Friday and Saturday in contemporary society," said Eisner. "The days when people were off work in the days when most of this conflicts happened, and similar to the contemporary society, most events occurred during hours; night, "he said, pointing at an early evening peak and around curfew time – around 9pm in the summer and around 8pm in the winter.
However, it seems that only a fraction of the medieval murderers have been caught, many of them flee or seek a sanctuary in churches – from where they often seek to escape under darkness cover, such as the was the case of one young man in Cordwainer, just to the south of Cheapside, whose father's objector collapsed with an iron bar.
Although historian Barbara Hanawalt has analyzed many of the records previously, Eisner said that his map was helping to light up how the middle ages looked in a big city like London, from the jobs he did people, to arguments.
One impressive feature, he says, is that offenders and victims of violence were not on the margins of society, stating that the students of the law, members and clergy and members of the guild were among the murders and, r marw. The records also show that more than 90% of the offenders are male – and that society was very helpful.
"Almost all acts of homicide devoted to a weapon that was likely to have either planned for conflicts or a weapon that could be easily used in conflicts," said Eisner. "Very few cases made by hands or something else that happened to be around."
But Eisner said that developments in technology and medicine meant it could be difficult to compare homicide rates with some modern society. "Obviously, many of the victims we see in these records would have survived if an emergency service had been around the corner," he said.
"One of the lucky things for the middle ages was that they had no guns. Because I think they would spray each other out quickly."