Burns are one of the most common home injuries, especially among children. Burning is more than a burning sensation, where burns are seriously damaged in the skin leading to the death of infected skin cells. Most people can recover from burns without serious health consequences, depending on the cause and scale of injury. On the other hand, severe burns require urgent and immediate medical care to prevent complications and death.
Grades of burns
Burns are classified into three basic degrees: first, second and third degree. Each degree depends on the severity of the damage to the skin. First degree burns are less dangerous, and third degree burns are the most serious.
Burns of the first class: red skin without (blisters – Blister), concentrated in the epidermis. (Blisters: swollen fluid or sometimes blood or vomit)
Second grade burns: Boxes in some layers of the skin, including whole skin and part of the dermis or the whole.
Third-grade burns: Burning is very deep and has a white skin appearance, including skin, dermis and subcutaneous tissue.
There are also fourth degree burns: this type includes all the symptoms of third degree burns, and also extends to underground tendons and bones.
For a variety of reasons, including:
● Combustion with hot and liquid liquids.
● Chemical burns.
● Electrical burns.
● Burning with fire, including: flame games, candles, lighters.
● Excessive exposure to sunlight.
The type of burning does not depend on the cause. For example, hot and liquid liquids can cause each of the three types of burns, depending on the temperature of the fluid and the length of its contact with the skin. Chemical and electrical burns require medical attention, they can affect what is inside the body, even if damage to the skin is small.
First degree burns
First degree burns cause minor damage to the skin. It is also called (surface burns), they affect the outer layer of the skin. Burning marks of first class include:
● Simple inflammation, or swelling.
● Wipe and peel the skin during the burning process.
Because the burning affects the top layer of the skin, the signs and symptoms disappear once the skin cells are shed. First degree burns are usually cured within 7 to 10 days without scarring.
It is essential to see the doctor if the burn affects a large part of the skin, or if it is more than 3 inches or if it is placed on the surface or on a joint t large, including:
First degree burns are usually treated domestically. If the burning is treated faster, the chances of recovery are faster.
● Wash the infection in cold water for five minutes or more.
• Take acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain relief.
● Apply lidocaine (anesthetic) with cactus gel or cream to relieve the skin.
● Use antibiotic cream and a pressure gauze to protect the affected area.
Do not use ice as this may make it worse, and never put cotton balls on the burn because small cotton fibers can stick to the infection and increase the risk of infection. You should also avoid home remedies such as butter and eggs, they have not proved effective.
Second degree burns
Second degree burns are more dangerous because the damage is greater than the top layer of the skin resulting in the appearance of blisters, and the skin turns red and very painful.
Some of the blisters appear and the burning appears wet or wet Over time, thick, soft tissues can develop over the wound, which is similar to; The bursa, from the name fibrosis.
Due to the exact nature of these wounds, it is recommended to keep the area clean and to bond properly to prevent infection, this also helps to burn faster recovery.
Some second degree burns take more than three weeks to recover, but most recover within two to three weeks without scarring, and often leave pigmentation on the skin.
The healing period of the burns lasts longer when the blisters are worse. In some serious cases, it is necessary to vaccinate the skin to repair the damage. (Vaccination takes healthy skin skin from another part of the body and is transmitted to the setting of the burnt skin).
As with first degree burns, suspicious cotton and home remedies should be avoided. Second class light burning treatments generally include: t
● Place the skin under cold water for 15 minutes or more.
● Take over the counter analgesics (acetaminophen or ibuprofen).
● Add antibiotic cream to blisters.
However, urgent medical treatment should be sought if the incineration includes a large area, such as any of the following: t
● The feet.
Third grade burns
Class III burns are the most serious type – except fourth grade burns – as they cause great damage, and extend across all skin layers.
There is a misconception that third degree burns are the most painful burns. To the contrary, in this kind of burns, the injury is so wide that there is no pain due to damage to the nerves.
Symptoms of third degree burns may appear depending on the case including: t
● White and waxy color.
● Have roasted.
● Dark brown color.
● High skin texture.
● No blisters.
Without surgery, these wounds are enhanced with severe scars and shrinkage. There is no set timescale for a full automatic recovery of third grade burns. Never try to treat third grade burns and call 911 immediately. While waiting for medical treatment, lift the injury above heart level. Don't take your clothes, but make sure there are no burning clothes.
Compared with first and second degree burns, third degree burns pose a risk of complications, such as infections, blood loss and trauma, which often lead to death. At the same time, all injuries carry the risk of infection because the bacteria can get into the burnt skin.
Tetanus is another possible complication of burns of all grades. (Tetanus: bacterial infection such as sepsis). Tetanus affects the nervous system, resulting in problems in muscle contractions. Generally, all members of the family should receive doses of tetanus vaccine every 10 years to prevent this type of infection.
Severe burns also have a risk of hypothermia and a lack of blood volume. Although this may seem unexpected, this condition is already caused by body heat loss due to injury. Blood is reduced when your body loses a lot of blood due to burns.
Prevention of burns
The best way to fight burns is to stop them happening. Some jobs are more likely to burn, but the fact is that most burns happen at home, and babies and young children are the most vulnerable to burns.
Preventative measures you can take at home include:
● Leave children out of the kitchen when cooking.
● The tendency of the cooking pot covers the back of the burner.
● Put a fire extinguisher in the kitchen or close to it.
● Check smoke detectors once a month.
● Replace smoke detectors every 10 years.
● Keep the temperature of the water heater below 120 degrees Fahrenheit.
● Measure the temperature of the bath water before using it.
• hide games and lighters.
● Electrical shop covers.
● Check electrical wiring and remove those with open wires.
● Keep chemicals away and wear gloves when using them.
● Use sunscreen every day, avoid sunshine at peak times.
● Make sure all home thermocouples are fully switched off.
● Clean the filter to dry it regularly because the material puts it on.
It is also important that you have a plan to escape the fires and train them with your family once a month. If there is a fire, make sure you crawl under smoke, as this will reduce the risk of death and be caught between flames.
Expect recovery from burns
When burns are handled correctly and quickly, the chances of recovery from first and second degree burns are good, but these rocks are rare, but can cause a change in the incidence of burnt skin.
The aim of treatment is to reduce the incidence of further damage and infection. The severe damage caused by severe second and third burns can cause problems with skin tissue, bone and deep.
You may need:
● Lifelong care.
Having proper physical therapy for burns is important, and you are welcome to seek psychosocial support, as groups are available to support people who have suffered severe burns, as well as certified counselors.
Contact the Internet or talk to your doctor to find support groups in your area. You can also benefit from other sources such as Burn Survivor Support and Foundation Burn Burn.
Read also: t
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Why does our skin color when exposed to the sun? What causes solar burns?
Translation: Bisher Maalouli
Examination: Tasnim Tibi
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