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HIV and AIDS: More infections in the elderly | NDR.de – Guide



O & # 39; r following: 27.11.2018 11:44 clock

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HIV is transmitted through blood and other body fluids.

An infection with the HIV immunization virus is no longer a death sentence. If it is recognized in time, cases of AIDS can be prevented. But for every second affected person, the diagnosis must only be done when the disease has broken out on AIDS at an advanced stage. Older people in particular do not suspect they have been infected with HIV: the number of new infections over 50 is constantly increasing.








X-ray of lungs.

HIV and AIDS: More infections in the elderly

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The number of HIV infections among older people is increasing. AIDS immunization syndrome can stop early treatment. HIV test provides assurance.

HIV infections in the elderly

Infected people of HIV infections often do not belong to one of the classical risk groups:

  • gay men
  • drug addiction
  • Women with unprotected sex with often changing sexual partners

HIV infection is often seen in older people affected by secondary diseases such as pneumonia. When they have been infected, they are often difficult to understand.

Possible reason for the increase in HIV infection is older: safer sex plays an important part in many people who are sexually active after menopause, as the contraceptive issue loses importance.

HIV infection: underestimated risk

Every year, more than 3,000 people have been infected with the virus in Germany. Especially outside classical risk groups, the infection rate has increased. Experts estimate that around 13,000 victims do not even know they've been infected. They weigh in fraudulent security and they do not even have a test of the idea. Many doctors also underestimate the risk of HIV infection in older people and therefore rarely recommend a test.

Early HIV tests are important

The German AIDS-Hilfe has one "No AIDS education campaign for everyone!" start. It aims to educate people about the importance of detecting HIV infection before AIDS disease expires. Therefore, a HIV test should not be performed if infection can not be disregarded.

Here is how HIV is handed over

The human immune virus (HIV) virus is transmitted through blood and other body fluids – especially semen, vaginal secretions and analog secretions. The most common common method is unprotected sexual intercourse. Transfer of pregnant women's infection is particularly possible during the birth of children and breastfeeding. Physical contact in everyday social life as well as sharing china, knives and knives and sanitation facilities does not pose any risk of infection. HIV is not transmitted or through saliva, tears or infection in the green or through insect foods, food or drinking water.

What's happening in the body?

The viruses multiply in special cells of the blood, the auxiliary T cells. They belong to the group of lymphocytes, which are responsible for protecting a heart infection. For this, the viruses build their genetic material to the cell and force the cells to produce HI viruses. After the viruses multiply in the cells, they die. The result is an obvious and irreversible impairment of the cellular immune system. First symptoms usually appear two to three weeks after infection and are usually abused as a flu infection. The acute HIV infection period is usually followed by a period without symptoms. This can last for months or years.

In untreated diseases, there are severe immunizations in about half of those who have been infected ten years after the infection. Life-threatening diseases are referred to as Acid Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). These, in particular, are pneumonia caused by the remarkable convenient pathogens – germs that trigger disease only when the organism is weak. In healthy people, these diseases do not even happen nor harmless.

HIV infection diagnosis is based on detecting certain antibodies as well as the virus itself or its genetic material in the blood. In the case of infection, virus antigens are usually detected after 16 to 18 days and specific antibodies on average 22 days after the infection. Viral genetic material can be detected even after eleven days. Early diagnosis of HIV infection significantly reduces deaths. In addition, it also has preventative effects as fewer infections are transmitted and unintentionally.

"Frozen disease" medications

So far, the disease is not curable. Thanks to modern medication, however, it's good to treat. And life expectancy as well as the quality of life of those affected are generally good. The drugs can usually prevent the prevention of AIDS. On the one hand, the drugs prevent the virus from overcoming the target cell and on the other hand they prevent the duplication of a virus. The disease has to freeze, so to speak. There are five different HIV drug groups available today. Access inhibitors prevent the virus from entering the cell. They prevent the attachment of the virus envelope with the cell wall. In order for the virus to incorporate its genetic information to the cell, the information must be rewritten.

The nucleosid objects transcription inhibitors interfere with this process by introducing fake protein building blocks into the cell. Anti-nucleoside transcript inhibitors prevent the enzyme that is required to transcribe genetic information. Protein inhibitors prevent cell-generated virus parts to be included in complete viruses. The latest group of drugs in HIV therapy is the integer suspension formats. They prevent the incorporation of viral DNA into the DNA of the human host cell.

Different medicines are needed for therapy

Ideally, the drugs cause no new viruses to be produced. The number of free virus viruses decreases and the number of auxiliary T cells, so that the immune system recovers. Typically, therapy involves a combination of different medicines, as the viruses develop rapidly resistance to individual drugs.

More information

The number of new AIDS cases has risen again in many countries. Holger Wicht of German Aids' support told NDR information. Reason is adequate prevention.
more

Hamburg supports researchers in developing the world's first genesis therapy for HIV. The SPD and Greenens want to provide three million euros, and the federal government is taking part.
more

Experts on the subject

PRIV-Doz. Dr. Julian Schulze & Wiesch, chief medical officer
Department of Infection
I. Department of Internal Medicine – Gastroenterology with Infection and Tropical Medicine departments
Center for Internal Medicine
University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf
Martinistrasse 52, 20246 Hamburg
www.uke.de

Prof. Dr. Hans-Jürgen Stellbrink, specialist in internal medicine, infection
ICH – Hamburg Infection Medical Center
Grindelallee 35, 20146 Hamburg
(040) 413 24 20
www.ich-hamburg.de

More information
German AIDS-Hilfe e. V.
Wilhelmstrasse 138, 10963 Berlin
(030) 69 00 87-0
www.aidshilfe.de
kein-aids-fuer-alle.de

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