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Flu 2018: What vaccine users should know about vaccination



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Hello, the opponents of the vaccine – this 7 answer to the flu is especially for you

Daniel Huber / watson.ch

Many people do not want to get vaccinated – for different reasons. However, infectious flu ("flu") is often underestimated, because you like to be affected by significant harmful influenza ("cold") infection. Flu flows the immune system seriously and can cause life-threatening complications.

Although the vaccine does not provide 100% protection against infection, this is the best recovery for the flu. The vaccine is most effective if it is taken before the flu event starts – possibly between mid October and mid-November. It is recommended for those who want to protect themselves and do not want to infect others. If you belong to a risk group (see point 5), you need urgent vaccination.

How effective is the flu?

The vaccine can not provide absolute protection because flu viruses permeate so that the immune system can not always depend reliably and to combat. Effectiveness also depends on which viruses are cyclical and whether the vaccine covers them. The broadcast varies from year to year, but often more than 90 percent.

In addition, other factors such as the age of the vaccine influence effectiveness – the lower in the elderly. Therefore, the effectiveness of the vaccine for a specific term can not be exactly measured – according to the Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH) it is reducing and healthy
Young adults face the risk of 70-90 percent disease, in the elderly
30-50 percent.

However, if there is a disease despite the vaccine, the symptoms are often
weaken. In addition, severe complications occur less frequently.

Can the vaccine have side effects?

Yes. In around one third of the people that are vaccinated, irrigation and inflammation or a little pain occur in the injection site. They join in a couple of hours for two days and do not need treatment.

A nausea rash, edema, asthma allergy or – usually with an allergy that is present – is rarely associated with severe allergic reaction. If you suffer from serious side effects, you should see a doctor.

He rarely comes to the Guillain-Barré (GBS) syndrome Рabout one million to one million vaccination. However, GBS occurs much more often due to the complication of flu infection. The vaccine therefore protects more GBS than it triggers. In any case, the risk of the flu causes serious complications much higher than the serious side effects of the vaccine.

Can the flu and the flu vaccine?

No, that is not possible. The vaccine, which stimulates the immune system to produce certain antibodies, includes extracts of non-active viruses of different types of flu virus. You can not cause flu.

Why do people who have vaccinated flu-like symptoms have?

Five reasons can lead to:

Insufficient content: If the vaccine does not fully cover the viral strains that circulate, it only provides a partial protection.

Low protection: Mainly in elderly people or uninhabited people raises after vaccination, only a weak body immune system is only partially protected. However, if they have flu, the symptoms are less and less likely to cause complications.

Vaccine time: It takes about two weeks to develop the body's immune system. At this time you can be infected.

Side effects of vaccination: Five to ten percent of the vaccine can respond with fever, muscle pain or small failure. These symptoms are usually innocent and disappear after a short period.

cool: Often, cold innocent is being mistaken for flu because the symptoms are similar. However, colds rarely cause complications.

Who should get vaccinated?

Those that belong to a risk group should be vaccinated. This is worried:

  • Over 60s
  • Pregnant women of the second month (then the baby is protected during the first months of life)
  • Preliminary six month old babies during the first two flu fluffies
  • sick on earth
  • Overweight people with BMI over 40
  • medical staff and carers, because they have more risk of infection. They also have a greater risk of infecting patients.
  • Residents of retirement and nursing homes

Where we are already talking about health:

Should I be vaccinated, even if you belong to any risk group?

If you come into contact with people at home or at work that are at increasing risk of complications, you should be vaccinated. How to prevent you from infecting people as vulnerable.

In healthy children and younger younger adults, seasonal flu usually goes without complications. Her symptoms are uncomfortable. In addition, vaccination can be in the fall of prevention, for example, during winter breaks, flu.

When should NOT you be vaccinated?

Vaccination of those who have had a severe allergic reaction to any of the vaccine in previous flu blames should not be vaccinated. This also applies to people who are very allergic to white eggs.

If you have a high fever, you should stay with the vaccine until it has undermined. Otherwise, the protection of the vaccine could be reduced.

In contrast, during pregnancy and milk, the flu vaccine can be made without hesitation. The protection of the mother and newborn from flu infection is recommended.

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