Tuesday , May 24 2022

Done! The NASA "InSight" NASA robot gave Mars – and sends a first image to the Earth



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It was an extremely difficult movement: for the first time since the Wondering mission, the coastline landed on Mars tonight. Also on board: a seismometer, where ETH researchers are significantly involved.

NASA workers in California respond to the first image that InSight sent to Earth on its mission. (Image: Eugene Garcia / EPA (La Canada Flintridge, November 26, 2018))

NASA workers in California respond to the first image that InSight sent to Earth on its mission. (Image: Eugene Garcia / EPA (La Canada Flintridge, November 26, 2018))

(SDA / DPA / ast)

For the first time since 2012, the US space agency Nasa robot landed on Mars on Monday. The move could be followed live online. Just a few minutes after landing at 9:00 AM Switzerland, the first image recorded by the robot was shown.

The Mars image, which has sent «InSight» to the Earth, can be viewed on a computer screen at the NASA center. (Image: NASA through AP (Pasadena, November 26, 2018))

The Mars image, which has sent «InSight» to the Earth, can be viewed on a computer screen at the NASA center. (Image: NASA through AP (Pasadena, November 26, 2018))

After a journey of around 485 million kilometers, the lander launched in May InSight in the plain Elysium Planitia to the north of Mars mediator on the red planet. This was published by the United States Nasa space agency on Monday night (Switzerland time). On the board there are scientific instruments that researchers use to study inside Mars. ETH Zurich is a strong commitment to this. The robot was not fully operational clearly on Monday night. After entering the Martian atmosphere, the robot was reduced by using brackets and parachute missiles in a very complex movement.

Mars landing is always always: using parachute, for example, the "InSight" land is slowed down on the way to the Mediterranean soil. (Illustration: PD / NASA / JPL)

Mars landing is always always: using parachute, for example, the "InSight" land is slowed down on the way to the Mediterranean soil. (Illustration: PD / NASA / JPL)

Most recently, Nasa launched the "Curiosity" back on Mars in 2012. Red purification of the red planet is considered extremely difficult – only about 40 per cent of all Mars trips were previously launched successfully the world according to NASA.

With 10,000 km per hour on the road

"InSight" weighs 360 kilograms and has completed its seven-month trip to the Earth's neighbor planet up to 10,000 kilometers per hour. The 360-cylogram "InSight" roller can not roll but wait in one place. With a number of scientific instruments, the robot is studying Mars and above all to learn more about the structure of the planet and the dynamics beneath its face.

A device developed in Germany, a type of Mars field, is to drill the ground. A total of around 650 million expensive euros was designed for a two-year mission.

radio signals

After landing, the lander now sends radio signals, which reveals whether the system survives the unpunished movement, Domenico Giardini of ETH Zurich explained in an interview with & Keystone-SDA news agency. Giardini had followed the landing at Pasadena.

"There is a camera at the bottom that allows us to see if" InSight "is really right," he said. Then the solar panels would open and more tests would start, for example, should the electronics work.

A scanning camera and environment and give the Earth control team an opportunity to choose the best location for the experiments on the board. Then a robotic arm should settle the instruments on the Martius floor.

Giardini had been confident before landing: He was not nervous, he said in the trip to land in a chat with the Keystone-SDA news agency. "But you have to accept that many can go from their place." This is also clear from the following explanatory video (in English). At this point, Rob Manning, Jet Jet Propulsion Chief Engineer (JPL), explains the dangers of landing on Mars:

The landing site is located in a region which is mostly flat and free of stone and larger rocks. Mars's previous trips have not yet explored the area of ​​the ground. The NASA running "Curiosity" is still located at a distance of 500 kilometers – so it's the nearest one. Unlike it, however, "InSight" will not move, but it will remain on the landing site.

The "InSight" NASA robot is on Mars

Marsquakes on the path

One of the devices to be terminated is a seismometer, where researchers of the ETH are substantially involved. Scientists want to measure the effects of Marsquakes and meteorite, and to explain some unresolved questions about the inside of the red planet, as said John Clinton, the head of Swiss Semiological Service in ETH opposite Keystone SDA .

"We've never made such measurements on Mars," emphasized Giardini. The first results could be in January. For example, scientists want to use the data to learn more about the size of the planetary nucleus, and to determine if it is sound or robust.

The more Marsquakes or meteor affects them they record, clearer the picture they get from the inside of the planet. "If we get a better understanding of other planets like Mars, we'll understand the Earth better," said Giardini, summarizing the mission's mission.

Mission in asteroids:

Mission in the sun:

Mission to the moon

Mission to Mercury:

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