In recent weeks, we have been listening to several kilometers of columns of accidents on coastal highways and Styrian. Also, due to the traffic congestion in the morning, the traffic on roads and bypasses the city towards Ljubljana from the direction of Styria, Gorenjska, Dolenjska and Primorska. The Ljubljana Circuit has been about to increase traffic in recent years in some areas at peak times. A short view of cars removes the image of one person in the car. Two are already rarer. Despite the congestion without a car, we can not. Or right?
Population of slaves
Many would want to get rid of the car, an anthropologist is convinced Dan Podjed from the Scientific Research Center SAZU, who was a project manager DriveGreen. He also thought about leaving his car, but it was difficult. "We are connected to the car because of the type of settlement that does not allow the public mobility system to be established. When you tell the Chinese to drive more than five hours by train from Maribor to Koper, we first thought that we lived in a huge country, "Podjed said. It also confirms this Matjaž Uršič from the Center for Spatial Sociology is Social Science Colleges"We have to use the car because of the dispersion of the settlement. It's impossible to live without individual transport if you live outside the city." are railways or public transport driving many of the villages. "
Matjaž Uršič, Center for Spatial Sociology: We are still very tolerant of staying in crowds.
And that's why we have Sloves not only want cars, but we rely on them. "We are quite unsuccessful in trying to combine different types of transport, or the multifunctionality like it's called, which could solve many of the problems associated with traffic in Slovenia. , there is no political will for this because it is a very unpopular measure trespassing on the area of population value orientation, which (understandably) wants the most comfortable modes of transport, "Uršič stressed.
Dan Podjed, an anthropologist: We are connected to a car because of the type of settlement that does not allow public mobility. Photo: Jože Suhadolnik / Delo
Results seventh wave Energy Efficiency Research (REUS 2017) t show that the vast majority (96 per cent) of the 1015 households surveyed owned at least one passenger car. Of the 965 households surveyed with cars, only half are a good third (37 per cent) two, and one in ten households have three or more cars. "Compared to previous measurements, the proportion of households with one has decreased, and the proportion of households with two, three or more cars has increased," the study found. The proportion of those buying a new car in the next 12 months has increased. In 2017, three per cent of households were considering buying an electric car, more than in 2015. Only 14 per cent of households do not have a car. In 2015 there were 39 per cent households.
The proportion of households in a car, using less than 6 liters per 100 kilometers, has also increased, and the proportion of those with more cars than 6.6 l / 100 km has decreased. Also on our roads more and more cars are older than 15 years – in 2015 they were 19 per cent and by 2017 were already 24 per cent.
Everything is cheap or cheap
"Compared to the previous measurement, the most obvious changes are among low income respondents – up to 690 euros," he noted, adding that every household with revenue has over EUR 2,071 at least one car. The ownership of two or more cars is present in all economic tiers. According to a survey by the European Automobile Makers Association, Slovenians in the 14th position and 587 cars per 1,000 residents are lagging behind for Luxembourg, Finland, Cyprus and leading Malta. But in the show Automotive Recently, it was calculated that ownership of the car is becoming increasingly expensive: Owning a ka + forda with a small gasoline engine per month costs 288 euros, Audi A6 powerful diesel with a four-wheel drive of 1,001 euros per month, the ownership of the ibiza with one triple pole turbo machine for 345 euros per month. "
That car ownership becomes more expensive, the Americans also find; In 2019, car loans became more expensive in the last decade. But in some countries, car ownership costs much less. For example, Russia is the cheapest country for SUV SUV owners, and sports cars are according to the website Compare the Market in Canada is cheaper than anywhere else. They compared the costs of six different classes of cars – urban cars, small cars, large family cars, SUVs, luxury cars and sports – global vehicle prices incorporated, insurance, fuel, road taxes and other services for a year t . According to the price of the 500, the cheapest countries to buy and maintain a car in the city of India (costing just over five thousand dollars), Poland and Romania, summed up the web portal The Street. In India, Canada and Romania, the cheapest golf is VW golf, while large family cars are the cheapest in Greece, Canada and Mexico.
"It's about a culture of comfort and freedom," comments the cost of ownership of the car on the Subway. He calculated through his thumb that he spent between 4000 and 5000 euros each year for the car. And it's not the only one. Obviously, we are still good enough.
In cities, two extremes
Interestingly, the majority of households with one car in our country are among low income respondents (up to 1.380 euros), notes REUS Research. In the middle income group (between 1,381 and 2,070 euros), the number of households with one and two cars is almost the same. In a group with an income of more than EUR 2,071, most households have two or more cars.
The ownership of three or more cars is typically for households with revenue over EUR 2,761, of which 32% are. In lower income groups this proportion is significantly lower. Ljubljana and Maribor have the largest proportion of households with no car and the least proportion of households with three or more cars. Mostly two cars live in an urban environment, while three or more cars in rural areas and in settlements have up to 2000 residents.
The survey also showed that the largest proportion of households without a car or one car lived in multi-dwelling buildings, while the largest proportion of households had two or more cars in single-family homes. The largest proportion of households without cars is in Zasavje, while the majority of households with one car are Gorenjska, with two cars in Pomurje and Obalno-kraška regions, with three or more cars in the Primorsko-unutrašnjje region. The Goriška region is the only region where every household in the survey has at least one car.
The extension of the bypass is inappropriate
Railways and public transport do not drive many of the villages.
Photo: Tomi Lombar / Delo
For car dependency, the 20th century automotive culture is blamed on the world – from the United States – where it changed its way of settlement. Like Americans – if you've ever been to Los Angeles, where you can't live without a car – Slovenians also spend more and more time in a steel hobby. "Traffic accidents on Slovenia bypasses are paid over time. And people are still not thinking about traveling by public transport," says Podjed. "As you know, I was very angry in the car lobby, when I repeatedly said that the traffic congestion in the city was true of what I wanted. This is the best way for people to recognize that the car is not The most appropriate mode of transport for the city, "said the recent newspaper. T Ljubljana said deputy mayor Ljubljana and the architect Janez Koželj. But he notes that the idea that the car for transport around the city is not too slow to mature.
His everyday experience is that he comes to any destination in a city faster than a bike than a car. "And as long as we don't see that staying in the stagnation is a waste of time, there will be no changes. And we'll continue to get angry," says the Podjed. "People are very angry in cars, which have a bad influence on the individual – they're cursing, they're rushing … They only rarely have the relaxation to work. Those who are not familiar with standing for 20 minutes at a traffic point in the column, this is an exceptional psychic effort, "agrees Uršič. "But we are still very patchy about staying in the crowd. Obviously, the internal analysis of the benefits and costs of the motorist is still telling us that this is the best cross-section possible." between the time invested, comfort and the price of transport, which can be of great concern to us, "said Uršič, and continues:" Rather than getting to grips with the multi-nature of transport, t we are considering expanding in Slovenia roads, especially urban slopes, supporters say that the latter will reduce congestion, on the other hand, a sign to even more cars. in some cases we could persuade people to switch to other modes of travel, a typical example is the transfer to Ljubljana, which must be transferred to other forms of collective transport.
Zasavje has the largest proportion of households with no cars, and the majority of households with one car are Gorenjska.
So expanding the raids is inappropriate, "Uršič is sudden." This will not reduce car traffic, but will increase it, while at the same time reducing the quality of life in the areas most affected by traffic. There are other intermediate levels that we should think about before deciding on such radical measures. "
Proud of ownership
Why then? Already in 2016, Dan Podjed is in the magazine Dialogues published a scientific article on yugo car produced by Zastava. It showed that yugo was not just a car for the crowd, which they designed in the former Yugoslavia, but that it can be transformed into a sports car, an exhibition, or used by people as a material artefact. n nurturing nostalgia. Even today, a social classification pyramid is important, on the principle that you are what you drive. "We are still on top of the black German car, although not as bad as Belgrade (DriveGreen survey was done in Belgrade, Budapest, Ljubljana and Newcastle, op.a.), where everyone wants a good German car. Being a walker or our cyclist in Belgrade means you don't even have a public transport map, "a series of some cultural differences." "We are still far from the logic of the Netherlands and Denmark, where the movement occurred in the 1970s, when people began to give up cars and swear to public transport and bikes," Podjed said.
The Statistical Office (SORS) found that domestic vehicles – vehicles registered in Slovenia – made 20.9 billion kilometers of travel in the domestic and overseas road network in 2017. Passenger cars accounted for 16.6 billion kilometers of driving (79) t per cent), most of which were passenger cars for diesel – 10.3 billion kilometers. In 2017, passenger and domestic goods vehicles carried five per cent more driving kilometers than in 2016; passenger cars performed four per cent more, while trucks accounted for eight per cent more. In 2017, passenger cars in passenger cars made 7 per cent more driving kilometers, while passenger cars on petrol were two per cent less than in 2016. "In 2017, the number of kilometers traveled was most evident in passenger cars. 2017 electric drive, by 72 percent, as the number of electric vehicles increased, "they say on Surs.
Well, Slovenians are also motivated to own them – as in real estate with a car – we want ourselves and we don't want to share it. "More than 90 percent of the time this car stays in the car park," recalls Podjed.
Young people think differently from previous generations. Many of them do not even do a car examination and consequently do not have the car. At least in the city. Because it is not needed.