BRATISLAVA – Influenza and COVID-19 can be effectively protected by adhering to the ROR principle, ie hand gap. “Appropriately placed taps on the surface prevent large amounts of droplets entering the environment, which spreads flu and COVID-19 disease when coughing, sneezing, talking and even breathing air, “ recalls Chief Hygienist Ján Mikas.
Also, maintaining a sufficient distance of at least two meters from other people, he says, reduces the risk of the droplets of the virus reaching you directly. Frequent hand washing with soap and warm water and disinfecting hands with alcohol-based products in turn destroys viruses. Foul hands should not touch the face, mouth or eyes, as the virus can enter the body, for example, through the conjunctiva. “Avoid places with a higher concentration of people. If this is not possible, stay there only for the necessary time. At home and at work, regularly disinfect surfaces, work surfaces and equipment with virucidal cleaners, ” Mikas continued. It is also recommended to pay attention to room ventilation regularly and in shock.
Body defenses during the flu season can be enhanced by taking more vitamins A, C, E and most B-complex vitamins, vitamin D to support immunity. “You get them by eating plenty of fresh vegetables, fruits and whole grains. It’s best to choose vitamin C-rich species – peppers, horseradish, citrus fruits, kiwi, green berries, kale, cabbage, ” advises Mikas. Care should be taken to stay fresh every day, it will also help to get enough sleep and hardship, as well as dressing appropriately for the weather.
Although influenza and COVID-19 are caused by different viruses, the symptoms of both diseases are largely similar: fever above 38 degrees, dry cough, irritation (in COVID-19 also has difficulty breathing), general fatigue, weakness, possibly rhinitis and neck pain. Slightly different symptoms are headache, joint pain and muscle (severe flu, sometimes present in COVID-19). Diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting occurring in the flu, sometimes in COVID-19, are not like loss of smell. Laboratory examination of a flu or COVID-19 sample can only be performed from the patient. If you develop symptoms of respiratory disease, you need to isolate yourself from others. The attending physician must first be notified by telephone. In the event of an emergency, call 155 directly and inform the sender of a possible COVID-19 infection.