You may not know about it.
Snack sandwiches at work, but not everyone knows that this name comes from the name of its inventor, the aristocrat of Earl Earl of Sandwich. However, it was long before the sandwiches sold in fast food stores. Although not so far from compared to the life of king Harald Bluetooth, the modern Bluetooth technology was named after that, known to all cell phone users. Stories for exceptional people, their names became a home name and gave the name to normal things.
Cardigan: James Thomas Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan
In the wardrobe of many people, you can see that the cardigan is a knitted jacket with buttons and without a collar. But everyone may not know that this clothing has been named after its inventor – General General James Thomas Brudnell, 7th Earl of Cardigan. Originally the cardigan was a dream that a British soldier was wearing under the costumes for warmth, but he gradually moved into a civilian closet, including women, and had long sleeves.
Maecenas: Gaius Cilnius Maecenas
The term "humanist" applies to the person at his own expense contributing to the development of science and art. Many of these people did history, but this began with a Roman nobleman of Etruscan disc by the name Gaius Cilnius Maecenas, who lived in this century BC and became famous as the patron of a bards. For example, Horace Maecenas gave the mansion, and Virgil helped to get rid of rape for a centenary and capture the bard's estate back.
In addition, the Patron was in friendly relations with Emperor Augustus and could affect the latter, holding the manager's violent impulses. According to the evidence of Cassius, it was called Maecenas after August to declare many death sentences, writing the fact of just one sentence: Tandem pour, carnifex! ("Yes, many of you, butcher!").
Boycott: Charles Boycott
The full or partial termination of the relationship with an individual or organization, or a boycott, known in many countries as a peaceful resistance. Although in his own, the boycott was previously used as the official name of this type of battle appeared only in the late nineteenth century and is associated with the name of Charles Boycott, who Working as Landlord's landowner leader in Greater Ireland.
In 1880, the fight for rent rent, the right to remain on land and the right to sell land free, the Irish League League broke out and the workers needed the Lord today needed for the harvest on its estate. Boycott, as the Manager started to fight this strike, and the League responded to his loneliness campaign in the local community.
Neighbors stopped talking to the Boycott, they did not sit near him in the Church and shops were refused. Ultimately, the Manager broke down and left Ireland, and his name was included in most languages in the world.
Raglan Sleeves: Fitzroy James Henry Somerset, 1st Raglan Baron
Raglan's handbag is remarkable that it breaks out with a shoulder part in front and back of the product. But, as in the case of cardigan, the item brought us a military fashion. in the cuttings that chose the British field Marshal Baron Raglan who lost his right arm at Waterloo Meadow.
The Custom Raglan handbook had helped at least a bit to hide the disadvantage, except that the tunic of this cut is comfortable to wear in rainy weather: because the lack of seam water does not penetrate under the clothes. In addition, this sleeve has enabled the military with a great tool to use in combat, marginal tools, e.g. sword.
Cross sports, or leotard swimming: Jules léotard
Another piece of clothing that originally appeared in a men's wardrobe – a sports switsuit, a heliot (or leotard). I've been named after French acrobat Jules Leotar, speaking in such a way. In the nineteenth-century lottery, only circus performers were doing, but in the XX century sporting trap broke in ballet, gymnastics, other sports, and thanks to the aerobic appearance of street costumes in the 1980's : it was worn with legs and skirts.
Silhouette: Etienne de Silhouette
Everyone knows the word "silhouette" and its meaning, but not everyone realizes that it comes from the name of the French Finance inspector, Etienne de Silhouette (on the left collage), who was renowned for her agility and desire to reduce the cost of Louis XV and entourage. Of course, this did not contribute greatly to the popularity of the Silhouette, leave his deeds and he was completely justified.
Excessive Silhouette caused the appearance of the phrase from the Silhouette, which was used against the cheap things. And in honor of the manager's "stingy" it is called the art of painting portraits in shadow form – a cheap alternative to those who can not afford to order a full portrait of the artist. The Silhouette was not the inventor of this technique, but he liked to make these portraits. An example of this type of work (the portrait of Jane Austen, portrait author – Mrs. Collins), you can see in the collage on the right.
Whatman: James Watman
In addition, a white bond paper with a high resistance to the aftermath of its creator was named English paper maker James Wattana Sr. (named James Whatman, in Russian pronunciation – Whatman). Originally, Watman called his paper wove device ("woven paper" literally), but in the Russian language he has rooted his name.
Saxophone: Adolphe Sax
The saxophone was designed in 1842 for Belgian music by the master Adolphe sax, who called on his horse horse device (now an interesting wind instrument). And we know the name "saxophone" gave this instrument every sax, French composer Hector Berlioz. By the way, the English word "sax" (saxophone) often reduces to a simple "sax" (sax).
Bluetooth: Harald I Bluetooth
The devices of wireless technology initiatives were named after living in the X century, the Danish and Norwegian King of Bluetooth (bluetooth is literally translated as "blue teeth"), which was the United States on the modern territory of Denmark and south Sweden, where and he developed this technology. It is considered that the king had been nicknamed due to the poor condition of the teeth, however, they were not blue, but rather black: a word at the time meant a dark or blue color.
Seducer merched, or Casanova: Giacomo Casanova
This adventure and the love of loving adventures became home words, but, unlike the literary characters of Lothario and Don Juan, Giacomo Casanova actually existed. Casanova traveled extensively, he has been in Russia, where he was hit by the fact that the ordinary people and the servants ate a drink, which seemed amazing: it's about breg.
By the way, the number gained by Casanova women was not so great even by the standards of the past. This confirms a quotation from the introductory article to the Russian edition of Casanova monuments: "… the" Don Juan list "Casanova can capture the imagination only a very great family man: 122 women over 39 old … So one who has three romantic adventures in a year? "
Sandwich: John Montagu, 4th Earl Sandwich
Sometimes the most generous devices are born through a common human disorder. For such things it can be attributed to the sandwich, which is the world due to the fact that Earl Sandwich did not like to have a decent lunch.
The habit had a habit to sit on the table every day and asked him to serve cold beef between two slices of bread toast, so as not to break their studies and not as much to get your hands dirty with food. So all the famous sandwiches were named and became an integral part of the food culture in the big cities.
Paparazzi: Tazio Secchiaroli
Outset: the word "paparazzi" became home words due to the character of the paparazzo film name by Federico Fellini "the Sweet Life". But the prototype of the Italian hero of Tazio Secchiaroli (in the lower left corner), which is considered the world's first paparazzi photographer, shoots scenes of unfamiliar lives and their consent.
However, after the film, Secchiaroli came to an end as a street photographer and dedicated to the work of Studio. In particular, he was the personal photographer of Sophia Loren and stayed for 20 years.