(Reuters Health) – Accidents on sofas and beds are now the main cause of injury for children of 4 and under in the United States and the main cause of trauma for babies, new research suggests.
"Parents, family members and caretakers need to be aware of the risk of leaving a baby or child unsupervised on a bed or sofa, no matter how soft a & # 39; the furniture appears or how far from the edge they place their child, "co-author study Dr Viachaslau Bradko told Reuters Health by email.
"Just as healthcare providers discuss special car seats for transportation of children safely, they should remind families about the dangers of furniture that seem unfair to an unobservable child," said Bradko, an orthopedic surgeon at Texas Children & # 39; s Hospital in Houston.
His team presented their findings on 5th November at the annual American Pediatric Academy in Orlando, Florida.
The researchers analyzed a decade of data on injuries that were treated in emergency rooms by the United States Consumer Products Security Commission National Electronic Injuries Supervisory System.
Sampling and analysis revealed an estimated 2.3 million children under 5 who were treated for sofa and bed related injuries in 2007-2016. That corresponds to an annual average of 115.2 injuries per 10,000 children in this age group in the general population.
The numbers set soft furniture fall in front of other injury cases. The next case, stroke accidents, averaged 46.8 per 10,000 children during the study period.
"We were surprised how common these injuries were. In fact, we found that they were three times more common than stroke injuries," said Bradko.
Babies younger than 12 months old had a greater proportion of the average amount of soft furniture injuries, accounting for 27.7 per cent of the total. Those younger patients were also more than twice as likely to need a hospital.
Boys included slightly more of the injuries in general than girls, 55 per cent versus 45 per cent, the study was discovered. Soft tissue damage and homicide were the most common types of injury and three in five children had injuries to the surface and the head.
If there is good news, there may be a few of these injuries – only 2.7 per cent – the hospital is needed. But the bad news is that these injuries seem more common. During the study period, bed and sofa injuries increased by almost 17 per cent in general.
"In fact, numbers are even higher, as not all falls lead to the child going to the emergency department," said Dr Jordan Taylor of Stanford University of Medicine in California, not which was part of the research.
"As the authors mentioned, these falls do not often lead to hospitals, but the cost implications for all emergency department visits are significant. Education and prevention are likely to be key to reverse this trend, although more studies look deeper to the injury patterns It can help, "Taylor said.
SOURCE: https://bit.ly/2PhWNOE American Pediatric Academy Meeting, online November 5, 2018.