Waste management becomes an important market with huge economic benefits. And not to fall into the trap that had imported toxic waste that has sanitary and environmental damage, Senegal has decided to develop a national legal framework together with very serious penalties to prevent people from being tempted to import or produce hazardous waste that can not be controlled.
Government authorities, through the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, to prevent importers or producers of hazardous waste, have identified a need to develop a comprehensive legal framework for managing harmful waste for toxic products for their own control. According to Boniface Cacheu, sanctions are designed and the most serious ones for those who are remote. "Today the government is ready to impose penalties that will prevent people from being tempted to illegal and illegally keep illegal waste imported," he said. This draft law, he says, "comes to solve a problem," because the law of 2013, on the local authority code transfers jurisdiction over waste management to local authorities. However, it seems that the Environment Ministry at the same time assumes competence in managing this waste, not based on any text. This makes this draft bill a legal basis for this practice.
On the other hand, this text imposes a basic obligation. Producers of hazardous waste now manage their own waste. "This responsibility should not be the responsibility of the state. Who should be there to see, to control, to monitor the application by hazardous waste operators of their obligation," he said. Before insisting: "producers of products produced have an obligation to manage their own waste, because they are the ones who benefit from marketing their products". Mr Cacheu spoke on the side of the workshop on the sharing and validation of draft legislation on hazardous waste, under the project on the management of municipal solid waste and hazardous waste in the environment in the cities of Tivaouane and Ziguinchor (Prodemud). This project, jointly funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the Senegal State, is implemented by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). The latter also said that Senegal must convert the provisions of the Basel and Stockholm Conventions. What has not been done. That is why the text has come to fill this space, but also to go further by setting rules to ensure human health and protect the environment from the harmful effects of hazardous waste.
For Aïta Sarr Seck, head of the pollution and nuisance control department at Deec, managing hazardous waste is a real problem in Senegal, especially for the cities of Tivaouone and Ziguinchor. That is why Senegal has benefited from this project, which includes several stages and many objectives. One of the components is to strengthen the legal and regulatory framework. But other elements will also be included to lead the fight well.