100 years ago, to the day, the first World War ended arm, which killed almost 10 million fighters between 1914 and 1918. November 11, a day and a week where everything has shells .
In early November. German troops are fleeing everywhere in the West. Their enemies demand surrender. On the 7th, about 8:30 p.m., near La Capelle in the north, busy sounds. He announces a fire stop to allow a German delegation to go. He takes a train to clear Rethondes. Marshal France, Ferdinand Foch, expects them there.
The atmosphere is lush. "Do you ask for an armchair?" We ask for it. Thirty four conditions are set, including the injury and withdrawal from the left bank of the Rhine, which will then carry racial seeds.
The Germans have three days to think. They negotiate until 10 to 11 night. Then, in a wagon it became famous, between 5:12 and 5:20 am, signing the document. At 11 o'clock, the fight must stop.
Meanwhile, the bombing continues. Augustin Trébuchon, Canada George Lawrence Price, and American Henry Gunther fall in the last five minutes.
Joy and relief
Everywhere, the angles publish good news. The soldiers leave the ditches, release them and scratch. He is marching in big cities. The bells ring in all the communities of France, like this November 11, 2018.
But 100 years later, in France, the direct witnesses of the conflicts have disappeared. The last "hair" is being abolished, with them reminiscent of the horrors of the ditches. A few years ago were asked, some of them still remembered the joy and relief felt when the end of the army was announced.
When the angles came, "I did not believe that, and my friends either," said Claude-Marie Boucaud. Ferdinand Gilson, for his part, recalled that he had danced "a few steps of polka with a beaver", who had never "danced in his life". And concluding: "On November 11, 1918, as far as we were, we in Western Europe, the butchery complete. "
In Africa, a story that disappears
Between 1914 and 1918, nearly 30,000 African assaults died in the ditches. With 77,000 troops out of 200,000 from the mainland, the Senegalians formed one of the biggest attractions. But a century after the end of this war, this common history seems to disappear.
Student, Amadou Diallo believes that a few young people know her. "We can say that the majority of Senegal's youth do not know what it means to be a sweeper. Indeed, what we are learning at school and what we see at the documentary level, it seems quite different. "
In the history school, you have to go to see the elderly as the restaurator Aliou Kane to hear pieces of a common past. "We are very happy because we have been our old Senegal rifles. I have my dad, there the French army did, we helped France, especially for us, we worked for no, we worked for Africa. "
On the next bench, a student listens. But when asked to follow the 11th November ceremonies in France, he admitted not to know "this story".
Lamine Dia Baye is an Archivist at Letters College. For it, the viewers were hanged and France is paying its incredible moment. "There's a real problem! When we needed boots, they were fighting to release France. Today, France is preventing its children from going to France! It's a human deficit."
But not only in Senegal where this past is gradually fading away. In Mali too, the coffers' memory disappears. Malian historian, Soumaïla Sanogo, in Mali, explained, "when we talk about the First World War, it creates other memories that are not necessarily associated with the memory of the war. Taxes, taxes that have increased. , etc. These are things that have much more affected the population. The people created shock and revolution. "
And this story has been used most or less by the urban administration, which has "more work to forget or maintain memory of war," says the Great War expert. Because it could be a ferment for other conflicts. "