Today is World Diabetes Day. It was established by the International Diabetes Foundation with the World Health Organization in 1991 in response to concerns about the growing number of diabetes in the world.
As explained by Komi Mindrave, 14 November was chosen as Frederick Banting was born that day, who, along with Charles Best, played an important role in discovering insulin in 1922 – a medication that saved people with diabetes.
The purpose of World Diabetes Day is to educate the public about the causes, symptoms, complications and treatment of this disease.
Every year, World Diabetes Day is dedicated to a specific topic associated with this disease. The theme of the day in 2018 is "Family and Diabetes."
In the Republic of Komi, according to the results of 9 months from 2018, in the clinical examination framework, diagnosis of diabetes mellitus was detected in 5461 cases.
From November 11, 2018, according to the register, first diabetes mellitus was diagnosed with 1,840 people.
The increase in the number of patients suffering from diabetes and other disorders of carbohydrate metabolism increases, mainly due to the increase in population obesity, genetic presumption, increase in longevity and aging population , change of nutrition, colonization. Epidemiological studies conducted show that the highest number of patients with diabetes falls on the 60-69 age group (12985 people), 70-79 years (6817 people), as well as the most popular population, 18-59 age group (10705 people), while the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, usually 3-4 times higher than what is officially reported.
In addition, there has been an increase in patients identified with gestational diabetes mellitus – this is diabetes, found in patients during pregnancy, but diabetes mellitus is not "obvious". Post-natal glycemia is normal and may increase again with the next pregnancy. In 2018, 408 such patients were registered.
Currently, in the Republic of Komi, there are 34131 patients registered with different disorders of official carbohydrate metabolism. Of these, type 1 diabetes mellitus is 1565, diabetes mellitus type 2 is 28728, other types of diabetes are 158. Nearly 70% of patients with diabetes are women.
Endocrinologists strongly recommend leading a healthy lifestyle, conducting medical checks to identify risk factors for developing the disease and regularly monitor blood sugar levels and remind you that the blood sugar level maximum that can be allowed to exceed 5.5 mmol / l.