The complications of diabetes – which can further poison someone's life even worse in the endocrine system. It is not enough to monitor the level of blood sugar and adjust your diet and exercise routine in order to live a full life. It is also necessary to look after your health, because with diabetes, problems with blood vessels start, someone is more susceptible to allergies, and so on. What dangerous complications are associated with diabetes, what you need to know about them and how to deal with them, AiF.ru said t Endocrinologist Elena Syurakshina, PhD, Doctor in the Top Category.
The complications of diabetes are life threatening and serious for the patient. All problems appear due to unstable blood sugar levels. High glucose contributes to changes in blood properties, breaches of brain functions, cardiovascular system, affects the kidneys and nerve cells. The catalyst for complications is often stress, as well as infections, viruses that can prevent immunity. Against this background, one complexity and number can appear straight away. And it's worth studying them in advance, so as not to panic, but to cope properly or provide proper restraint.
Disregard diabetes mellitus (contrary to the biological balance in the body against the background of diabetes, when the organs have to work for two, – ed.) Often lead to getoacidosis. This is an acute analysis of the metabolic regulation mechanisms in patients with diabetes mellitus, characterized by an increase in the level of glucose and nerve bodies. Along with thirst, increased urination, dry skin, acetone smell from the mouth, abdominal pain, headache, lethargy, irritability, lethargy, lethargy. Insulin therapy, rehydration measures and correction of pathological changes in electroly metabolism is the basis of treatment. In this condition, a doctor needs to be consulted and as soon as possible, as ketoacidosis can be fatal without appropriate treatment.
Hypoglycaemia is a condition caused by very low blood sugar levels. It is often associated with diabetes treatment itself. This pathology is characterized by general disorder, fatigue, light skin, discomfort, anxiety, increased sweating, crying during sleep. The treatment should be as fast as possible to return blood sugar levels to the normal range, and includes the use of high sugar foods and drinks. And here it's important to stop the development of such a state. So remember to get in touch with your doctor to correct the situation and prevent suspension. After all, a sudden drop in sugar can lead to coma and hypoglycemic death as a result.
In diabetes in humans, several coma variations can occur on the background of blood glucose jumps. The condition is extremely dangerous and unpleasant. Without timely support, the case could end in death.
Hyperosmolar neperon coma is an acute complication of diabetes mellitus, characterized by defective glucose metabolism and an increase in its blood level, a sharp rise in plasma osmolarity (this is the total of all blood components dissolved in, ed.), Dehydrated dehydration inside the cells, and the absence of ketoosis. The main symptoms are an increase in the number and number of urination, dehydration of the body, hypertonus muscles, convulsions, increased drowsiness, unwanted speech. Treatment includes rehydration, recovery of normal insulin levels, elimination and prevention of complications. There should be no self-treatment in this situation.
A lacticidemic coma is a condition characterized by a low level of glycemia, a decrease in the alkaline blood reservoir, pH and an increase in the level of lactic acid. The cause of development can be chronic hypoxia, severe dehydration of the body with hyperosmolar diabetic coma. It will identify the following symptoms: progressive weakness, muscle pain and heart, which are expressed quite clearly. If such signs appear, you should seek immediate specialist help from doctors. In such a situation, you need to go to hospital, otherwise the respiratory and death paralysis of the respiratory center can happen.
High blood sugar increases the likelihood of eye disease. This is due to damage to the small boats and it is called microangiopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is the complexity of vascular nature in diabetes mellitus. This pathology leads to irreversible blindness. It is evident in this situation that it is better to stop than trying to prevent the disease. Therefore, for prophylaxis purposes, blood sugar levels need to be monitored regularly and responsibly, also cholesterol levels are monitored so that blood vessels do not fall even further, and blood pressure tracking is worth.
Diabetic foot syndrome – damage to skin, small and small boats, nerves, bones and foot muscles. The cause is the toxic effect of high blood sugar levels on large and small vessels, nervous musculoskeletal tissue. First of all, it is manifested by pain in the lower extremes, numbness, burning, cooling of the feet, and pesthesia (lumps, tingling). Deep tissue damage developed due to a decline in blood supply usually looks like healing ulcers, infectious lesions, and a poor nucleus. Patients with diabetes should not self-medication if there are problems such as spreading nails, nail nails, fungal lesions of the nail plates, the calls and the corns, cutting the skin when cutting nails, burgers, heels on the heels. To correct them, you should contact the experts, for example, doctors-podologam who will carry out the necessary treatments for the main diagnosis. The basis for diabetic foot prevention is the treatment of diabetes mellitus as the main disease.
People with diabetes often experience multiple and various skin lesions, most of which are bacterial and fungal infections. Too much blood sugar and sweat creates good conditions for the development of microorganisms, and also weakens the body's protective processes. Very important is dry skin, circulatory disorders in the skin and itching. Infection occurs with unpaid diabetes. As a result, wounds, cracks, non-healing sores appear more frequent on the skin. Those with a diagnosis of "diabetes" need special personal hygiene: regular showers, use of skin protection, and so on.