Sex hormone can act as a barrier to COVID-19
Studies show that older women may be at greater risk for “long-term coronavirus” due to lower estrogen levels caused by menopause.
Scientists from King’s College London have called for research into a possible link between menopause and COVID-19 after their findings showed that women with lower estrogen levels may be at greater risk of catching the virus.
According to the Daily Mail, research has shown that postmenopausal women with lower levels of female sex hormone estrogen may be at higher risk of developing “long-term coronavirus” symptoms.
The study analyzed data from more than 500,000 women in the UK between May and June. Scientists studied the predicted prevalence of coronavirus among postmenopausal women and premenopausal women taking combined oral contraceptives (COCs) and postmenopausal women taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT).
Women who went through the menopause and were in the 45-50 age group were found to have higher levels of coronavirus than others.
Women in this group also reported symptoms of anosmia (impaired sense of smell), persistent fever and cough, and the need for hospital-based oxygen treatment.
Meanwhile, women who took COP between the ages of 18 and 45 had lower predicted coronavirus rates and hospital admission rates were also significantly lower.
Researchers have suggested that female sex hormone may act as a protective agent against disease.
Dr. Claire Steves, who works on the COVID Symptom Research Team at King’s College, London, told The Guardian, “It’s a good question whether hormones can play a role or other differences with age and sex, such as the immune response.”
However, other scientists disagree with this connection: Dr. Betty Raman of Oxford University suspects estrogen protects against coronavirus.
Dr. Raman, who studied 58 people in hospital and found that 67 per cent of 41 per cent of women in hospital were over 50: “There is no conclusive evidence that estrogen protects against COVID-19, although it is clear that men are onset is a risk factor for disease severity. “
Estrogen is a sex hormone responsible for the development and regulation of the female reproductive system. Estrogen levels drop dramatically in postmenopausal women and can affect body functions, including the immune system.
See also: “Scientists Explained the Risk of Loss of Smell in Coronavirus”