Patients with heart disease are more susceptible to viral infections. Therefore, during the virus season, it is usually recommended that they repeat the visit to the attending physician, in order to modify the treatment. Cardiologists warn that, in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, heart patients should never, more than ever, delay consulting a physician.
People with chronic cardiovascular diseases are more susceptible to viral infections, such as the coronavirus-induced epidemic, which practically destabilizes their metabolic balance.
”Comorbidities are critical in establishing the prognosis of Covid-19 patients. It should be noted that most cardiovascular risk factors (diabetes, hypertension, obesity, old age) increase the risk of adverse evolution of this pandemic disease.”Explains Dr. Ștefan Moț, a primary cardiologist at ARES Cardioteam Cardiology Hospital, the largest private interventional cardiology hospital in Transylvania.
Photo: Dr. Ștefan Moț
Although coronavirus infection can affect anyone, patients with heart disease may be more likely to develop moderate to severe forms of the disease. This is because once it enters the body, the virus causes lung damage and causes an inflammatory response that affects the cardiovascular system. On the one hand, by damaging the lungs, the blood oxygen level decreases. On the other hand, it lowers blood pressure. Therefore, the heart is forced to beat faster and stronger, to provide the oxygen needed for the important organs of the body.
Patients with heart disease, such as heart failure, are in a delicate balance, regulated by the right treatment. This extra pressure on the cardiovascular system can cause imbalance and worsen the disease.
”Above all, cardiovascular prevention, where an important point is the regular consultations with the specialist doctor, will obviously be much more necessary during this time! So don’t delay regular consultations, they will even help you be wary of Covid, it won’t increase your risk of catching this virus! Outpatient clinics and hospitals are highly regulated environments where infection is clearly more difficult than in public places!”, Points out Ștefan Moț.
Furthermore, cardiac patients should be aware that viral infections of any kind can cause an acute event, such as a heart attack. Because of the inflammatory effect of the infection, there is a risk that the fat deposits deposited on the walls of the blood vessels will rupture and clog the vessel, blocking the blood circulation to the heart.
Acute myocardial infarction can be treated today with a minimally invasive method called coronary angioplasty. This intervention, available at ARES cardiology hospital Cardioteam, involves inserting thin veins (catheters) into the arteries and guiding them to the coronary arteries. Areas of obstructed blood circulation are seen and the arteries are infused with the help of balloons or stents. The patient’s subsequent recovery depends largely on how quickly he arrived at the hospital.
”Delaying and neglecting regular consultations led to the introduction of patients in the late stage of the disease, when complete recovery is even more difficult to achieve. For example, the presentation 12 hours after the onset of symptoms of acute heart attack in a hospital with the possibility of intervention therapy will lead to the possibility of heart failure in time, a situation that is very difficult for the patient, family and medical systems was stolen. Or neglecting existing heart valve problems, so a lack of timely treatment can lead to the physical disappearance of patients.“, Warns Dr. Ștefan Moț.
The warning is particularly valid in patients with known angina pectoris or those with several cardiovascular risk factors (smoking, hypertensive, diabetic, dyslipidemic) who experience severe chest pain, lasting more than 20 minutes and do not succumb to nitroglycerin, usually pain with shortness of breath or intense sweating. Other symptoms that should not be ignored: severe, sudden pain in the hands or feet, accompanied by cooling and pallor of the skin, disturbance of sensitivity or mobility in the arms or legs, speech or balance disorders, fainting, suffocation, palpitations rapid along with altered overall condition. All these signals should set the alarm and should be followed by an immediate presentation to the cardiologist or on-call room.
The ARES Cardioteam Cardioteam Hospital, at 8 Republici Street, has taken all safety measures to treat patients in a protected area, in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic.
ARES ‘mission in Romania is to develop the profession of cardiology and maximize access to Romanian therapeutic access to therapeutic solutions that preserve the patient’s physical integrity. Since 2011, thousands of interventions have taken place at ARES, of which 12 were the absolute national premiere and one the European premiere.