A Skin is a highly dynamic tissue whose main function protects the body, preventing escape from cell substances and penetrating dangerous elements. By establishing the border between the organism and the environment, the skin and mucus membranes are responsible for triggering biological phenomena when they detect foreign agents from outside.
Skin infections often arise due to any damage that affects the integrity of the epidermis, followed by a dermis assault and a sub-garthog tissue by a pathogen. In these situations, our body's immune mechanisms are requested in response to this assault.
If the infection reaches the deep dermis and the subcutaneous tissue, a number of pathological conditions can be triggered, among them Cellulite. This condition presents difficulties in differentiation between the infected and infected tissue, which is not always clear.
Medical soft infections are characterized by acute, dispersal, dispersal, aggressive and spread inflammation, and often linked to systemic symptoms such as motif, fever and cat. If the infection reaches deeper tissues, it can lead to tissue necrosis, which requires extensive surgical disinfection.
S.aureus and group A streptococci are the most common etological agents of Cellulite, but bacteria such as Haemophilus Influenzae, gram-negative bacilli and fungi such as Cryptococcus Neoformans can sometimes be associated with cellulitis. On the other hand, blood pathogens that cause cellulitis are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Vibrio Vulnificus and Cryptococcus Neoformans.
The presence of pathogens is favored by the presence of skin cuts, athlete's feet, insect bites, chronic venous inadequacy, nephrotic syndrome, lower body ulcers, weight ulcers, diabetes, obesity, liver disease, excessive alcohol, surgical wounds, burns, intravenous drug use. There are cases where the "portal" is not clear, and the cases of infection are not clear.
With the infected housing, patients have a greater risk of spreading through blood and through the lymphatic vessels. In these cases, the evolution can occur very rapidly, resulting in changes such as edema (accumulation of fluids), erythema (skin flush), increased temperature and local pain, associated with several degrees of systematic symptoms that & The exact result of the spread of infection.
In these cases, the first step should be to make a differentiated diagnosis, which helps to exclude other pathologies such as Atopic Dermatitis, Urticaria, Erysipelas, inflammatory reaction to insect bites and Surface Thrombophlebitis.
The type of treatment is applied to the current cellulite grade. At the local level, it is recommended that the rest, impairment and elevation of the area to reduce edema, as well as the basic treatment of access doors & # 39 ;. If the infection is mild or moderate, oral antibiotic therapy is used, if it is more severe, the use of intravenous antibiotic therapy.
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