Thursday , January 20 2022

Poland's chance is a competition for Ukrainians falling – a labor market


Here is the last bell to fight for workers from Ukraine who are already recruiting Germany. They are also raised by Czech and Slovakian, tempting a higher salary and two-year contract.

– Even now the Czechs are taking us more and more workers from Ukraine, and soon will the time come to Germany, that a large part of professionals can leave it – warns Marian Przeździecki, director of the Ukrainian branch of the Work Service work agency. As he admitted, despite the huge demand from domestic companies, it is increasingly difficult to attract Ukrainians to work in Poland.

First, in Ukraine, especially in the western regions, staff shortages are also growing, and secondly, this year's competition is for its citizens of the Czech Republic and Slovakia, which are liberalized and # 39 ; r access procedures, have grown really. This is confirmed by other agencies that specialize in recruiting Ukrainian workers. Krzysztof Inglot, head of the Personnel Service, which already has three companies in Ukraine, admits Czech and Slovak companies recruiting this year on a much larger scale than before.

Czech is offensive

– Despite the announcement of simplification and procedures for Ukrainians, nothing changes. We are constantly standing, while other countries are starting to open them, says Michał Wierzchowski, director of the EWL employment agency, who is this year to bring over 15,000 Ukraine. employee. Recently, she has also opened an office in Prague Prague. I want to take advantage of the boom for Ukrainian workers there.

In the Czech Republic, where earnings are about one third higher than in Poland (up to 50% in the automotive industry), Ukrainians can now have a visa for work for 90 days, and then the employer can employ them as part of a program the government Režim Ukrajina on 24 – a monthly job card. The card pool has doubled to 20,000 this year. In the future it will be doubled again.

Although Ukrainians have to wait for a long-term visa for a long-term visa to the Czech Republic (just like a work permit in Poland …), the " informal accelerations "allows it to be settled in 2-3 months. Czech minister Jaroslava Němcová has already visited Ukraine twice this year, and during the last visit in September, he announced the introduction of a fast administration path to employees in selected professions, including babies. A two-year stay in Slovakia, where wages are about 20 per cent higher than in Poland.

German competition will become more problematic soon. Since January 2019, the labor market for non-EU migrants, including Ukraine, opens more widely. According to Marian Przeździecki, German intermediaries are already recruiting potential applicants for work, employing salaries of EUR 1,400 net per month for 170 hours. (twice as much as Poland Country for 240 hours of work). According to him, the Germans look not only for professionals – but also for workers with no German qualifications and knowledge – Germany can neglect this condition in the face of the 1.6 million labor deficit on for the Oder river.

Need stabilization

Marian Przeździecki claims that Poland ceases to be an open leader for workers from Ukraine. – We fell to the last place in the region. In addition, we are trying to pay payroll competition, and employee housing conditions are often worse, "he said. According to him, the main problem is limited to six months of working time in Poland. after the visa procedure has been simplified for what is called a statement. Notices by the Ministry of Family Labor and Social Policy, which will be extended to one year in the autumn, have not yet been implemented.

– If we do not do that and we do not present facilitations that encourage constant work and establish workers from Ukraine, we will lose them soon – says Marian Przeździecki. It states that the current system of statements supports the in-flight of non-Eastern seasonal employees of the East, and encourages people to reach experts in Poland, who care for employment and a fixed settlement with & # 39; their families. – We should extend the work to a statement of up to 18 months and give incentives for Ukrainians to work legitimately and collect families – says Krzysztof Inglot.

As the head of the Work Service in Ukraine called it, claiming a longer stay in Poland, Ukrainians and Belarus do not have any options – they are treated in the same way as visitors from Bangladesh or Nepal, although that they are close to us and adapt quickly. If they could live in Poland for longer with their families, they would be more motivated to raise their qualifications. They would not change their work for an increase in the PLN 1-2 hourly rate, which has become a nightmare for many companies, especially when building.


JACEK PIECHOTA, president of the Polish-Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce

Our advantage in the competition for workers of Ukraine is geographical and cultural proximity, and many of them know about living conditions in Poland. Despite this, competition from countries where pay is higher is a real threat. In addition, our country's migration policy is not very clear, waiting time for residence and work permits is not shortened, and some politicians combine the migration of labor with the threat of migration. An open government statement is needed that Ukrainians are welcome in Poland. It is also worth showing positive examples of their employment and integration, which we do in the "Partnership and employment" social campaign.

They work and support the economy

It is expected that up to USD 11.5 billion will increase in 2018 currency transfers of Ukrainians work abroad – at estimates of the Ukrainian National Bank Last year, Ukrainian emigrants transferred over 9.3 billion USD to the country (about 9 per cent of GDP). As estimated by the Ministry of Social Affairs of Ukraine, 3.2 million citizens of this country work continuously abroad, and a further 9 million. Much of both groups go to Poland, where the number of workers from Ukraine is estimated at 1.8-2 million. As the Association of Entrepreneurs and Employers warns, outflow from a Polish labor market, even some of them (in a moderate variation – 500,000) can reduce our GDP of 1.6%, which was 1/3 of & # 39; to growth in the previous year. For many years, employers' organizations and economists have appealed for a coherent pressing migration policy. His project returned almost in the autumn to inter-ministerial consultations. – Migration policy affects many topics, so the agreements must take place – explains the Ministry of Investment and Development.

Source: Rzeczpospolita

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