Monday , August 15 2022

North Lighting – New study: One of three Norwegians has this disease


We are increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and high blood pressure. At worst, liver inflammation and cancer. Most people have no symptoms.

Despite a somewhat alarming name, very few have heard of "fat liver". And there's little information about the disease online.

At the same time, we see an increasing number of fatty liver in the US and Europe. Here too, the trend is increasing, and now the Health Survey at Nord-Trøndelag (HUNT3) shows that one in three Norwegians have called "liver alcohol-free liver disease", t writes Gemini.

– What we certainly know is that the number of fatty liver increases and to be closely related to the overgrown epidemic, says the consultant and researcher Mette Vesterhus to Nettavisen.

She is an expert in digestive disorders at Diakonale Hospital Haraldsplass.

Most people don't have any symptoms

Most of all: What is fatty liver?

There are two different fatty liver diseases: fatty liver caused by alcohol abuse and unhealthy alcoholic liver disease, which is the type we refer to in this article.

The fat liver is a condition, as the name is noted, where fat is accumulated in the liver. Most cases of fatty alcoholic liver disease come from obesity or in connection with type 2 diabetes.

– We call it fatty liver when more than five percent of fat in the liver. This is usually tested by ultrasound, then the liver is seen to be lighter than usual. You can also test for fatty liver by taking a blood test, says Vesterhus, who is head of the Norwegian Gastroenterological Society.

Usually, you will not have fatty liver symptoms.

– Most people with fatty liver live well with it, but it shows an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and high blood pressure.

– Fat liver is associated with fat elsewhere on the body, and is part of the so-called “metabolic syndrome” along with type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure and cholesterol, t said Vesterhus, and continues:

– All this fits, but usually heart disease or stroke patients with fatty liver die. However, fatty liver can be a warning that one should change lifestyle to avoid this risk. It's very rare that people have normal fatty liver weight, then they have to be very unfortunate with their genes, says Vesterhus.

However, there are a few that develop serious diseases due to fatty liver.

– In some people, fat concentration leads to liver inflammation, which in turn can lead to scarring and cirrhosis, and in the worst case of liver transplantation. A very small proportion can also develop liver cancer as a result of fatty liver. So there is a reason to take hold of their lifestyle if a fatty liver has to prove, says Vesterhus.

SUPERVISION: Mette Vesterhus is the head of Norwegian Gastroenterological Society and researcher at the University of Bergen. Photo: Private

Liver transplantation and liver cancer

The last Vesterhus numbers may refer to the following:

20-30 per cent of Europe's population has fatty liver. Of these, about three percent have liver inflammation and 0.2-0.5 percent have liver cancer.

However, it equates to 200-500,000 people in the EU who believe they develop liver cancer because of their liver liver.

– In the United States, fatty liver disease is the third most common cause of liver transplantation. British newspaper The Guardian wrote in 2015 that a third of Britons who have fatty liver adults and British experts believe that most of the UK's younger transplants in 2020 will be due to fat liver disease, Vesterhus says t .

In Norway, we are just behind the United States and the UK, but the trend is the same.

– We have had patients in Norway who have had to transplant liver due to fat liver disease, said Vesterhus.

Forward the sneakers

The positive news is that it is possible to remove fatty liver – all on your own. Good fitness is the best medicine for liver liver.

A new study, conducted by researchers at the Cardiac Practice Research Group (CERG) in NTNU and the University of Queensland in Australia, concludes with the following: t

People with poor fitness have multiplied the likelihood of having a fatty liver.

Previously, research has shown that sedative increases the risk of fatty liver, but the study shows that fitness is the most important factor.

– Even people who sit a little quiet during the day have really increased the number of liver liver if they have a poor condition, says Ilaria Croc, a postdoctoral fellow in NTNU, to Gemini.

In the study, the researchers followed 16,000 people in Nord-Trøndelag. They all tested their use of oxygen at the start of the study, as well as completing them.

blood tests and tests in body composition. Among them, 36 percent, ie about 5,600 participants, had a fatty liver.

These 5,600 people were followed over nine years, and the risk of death was seen to have increased by over 50 per cent for the fifth that had estimated the worst condition.

Must have sweat and breathlessness

Only one in three Norwegians meet the Norwegian Health Directorate's recommendation on physical activity, which is just over 20 minutes of moderate activity each day.

The recommendation is 150 minutes of moderate activity per week, ie just over 20 minutes per day, or 75 minutes high intensity.

The NTNU study, however, shows that training is not moderate for 150 minutes a week if the goal is to protect against fatty liver.

– However, many do not fit better if only moderate intensity they practice. High intensity exercise improves fitness much more, so encouraging regular exercise with stress so high that you sweat and breathless, Croci said to Gemini.

The Health Directorate is also writing that you should train more, or harder, if you want to achieve even better health: t

"To achieve additional health benefits, adults and adults should have 300 minutes of moderate physical activity a week, or up to 150 minutes high intensity," said Health Directorate.

Advanced Vesterhus is not surprised by the results of the NTNU study.

– We used to say that one must make a ten percent weight reduction to get rid of fatty liver, and that one achieves by exercising more and eating healthier. Exercise is particularly important here, because we know that exercise helps even if one does not achieve the full ten per cent weight reduction, Vesterhus says, and continues: t

This is probably because exercise affects blood cholesterol composition and body sensitivity to insulin. So the study confirms what we already know, which is that exercise is the best medicine for fatty liver.

Your more is training, its better health

That exercise and activity is good for health undoubtedly.

But an increasing number of studies show that someone should be rather sweaty and breathless to benefit from some additional health benefits.

The Autumn 2018 study showed that good fitness can halve the risk of heart attack.

The study, however, shows that even a slight increase in fitness will lead to great health benefits, but health is better than the harder and more often you have. training.

The study confirmed the outcome of an American study that brought the following conclusions to an end: Its better form, its longer life. The less you practice, the more the chances of dying are early.

Poor Jaber cardiologist at Cleveland Clinic in Ohio has compared poor fitness with other risk factors such as smoking and obesity.

– Being trained should be just as strong a risk factor as high blood pressure, diabetes and smoking – if not stronger than everyone. It should be treated almost as a disease that someone can be prescribed – and that prescription is training.

In October 2018, Poor Jaber published a published study of a published correlation and cardiorespiratory exercise and early death.

Here too, the researchers came to the following conclusion: His more exercise, his longer and healthier life. The less you practice, the more the chances of dying are early.

If you want a good indicator of your own fitness level, you can take the condenser calculator.

Alternatively, you can perform some of the tests described in this article: How to find out how good your physical form is.

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