The World Health Organization warned Monday that the use of antibiotics is highly dangerous in some countries while shortage in other people misuses dangerous misuse, stimulating the appearance of fatal overlap infections.
First, the UN health agency reported that she had collected data on the use of antibiotics across large parts of the world and had found huge differences in use.
The report, based on 2015 data from 65 countries and regions, showed a significant difference in use rates of as low as about four defined daily portions (DDD) per 1,000 residents per day in Burundi to more than 64 in Mongolia.
"The big difference in using antibiotics around the world shows that some countries are likely to overwhelm antibiotics while other countries will not have adequate access to these life-saving medicines," WHO warned in a statement.
After discovering in the 1920s, antibiotics have saved tens of millions of lives by overcoming bacterial diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis and meningitis.
But over the decades, bacteria have learned to fight back, resisting the construction of the same drug that was once reliable in their conflicts.
WHO has repeatedly warned that the world ran out of effective antibiotics, and last year, he urged large governments and parma to create a new generation of drugs to fight super-resistant supergerms.
"Antibiotic misuse and misuse are the main causes of antimicrobial resistance," said Suzanne Hill, head of the essential WHO medication unit, in a statement.
"Without other effective antimicrobials and antimicrobials, we will lose our ability to treat common infections such as pneumonia," she warned.
Bacteria can become resistant when patients use unnecessary antibiotics, or if they do not finish a treatment course, giving them the chance to recover and build immune.
Hill insisted that the findings "confirms the need to take urgent action, such as the enforcement of prescription policies only, to reduce the unnecessary use of antibiotics."
Although too many antibiotics are worrying, WHO said that low numbers are also causing concern.
"Resistance can occur when people can not afford a full treatment course or only access to substandard medications or falsification," he said.
The WHO report showed major differences in the use of antibiotics even within regions.
In Europe, which provided the most complete data for the report, the use of average antibiotics was almost 18 DDD per 1,000 inhabitants per day.
But within the region, Turkey, with a maximum in excess of 38 DDD, showed almost five times higher than the country's Azerbaijan, which counted less than eight DDDs.
WHO recognizes the picture of how antibiotics are being used around the world remain far at all.
The overview of Monday, for example, includes only four countries in Africa, three in the Middle East and six in the Asia-Pacific region. Obviously, missing from the chart is the US, China and India.
WHO emphasized that many countries face huge challenges in collecting reliable data, including lack of money and trained staff.
Since 2016, the U.N agency has been supporting data collection in 57 low and medium-sized countries in an attempt to establish a standard system for monitoring antibiotic use.
"Reliable data on antibiotics is crucial to helping countries raise awareness of appropriate antimicrobial use," says WHO.