Every year, 20,000 babies are born prematurely in Tunisia, or about 50 babies a day born before the end of 37 weeks of pregnancy.
Professor Zahra Bensaid Marrakchi, Head of Neonatal Resuscitation and Neonatal Resuscitation at Charles Nicolle Hospital in Tunis said that this figure represents 10% of the number of births per year (more than 200,000).
According to her, there are several risk factors for prematureness in pregnant women such as age under 18 or over, smoking, alcoholism, multiple pregnancy, history of premature birth, stress, excessive work-related fatigue professional or family and daily commuting.
According to Pr Marrakachi, in Tunisia and as in most countries, prematurity is the leading cause of death at birth. Every year, about 15 million babies are born prematurely (before 37 weeks completed).
This number is increasing. On the origin of almost one million deaths each year in 2015, the complications of premature births are the main cause of death among children under 5.