Thursday , May 19 2022

Wars and economic crises pushed them to emigrate. Arab countries suffer from a shortage of doctors



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After wealthy patients from all Arab countries flocked to receive treatment in Lebanon, a country famous for its huge private clinics and hospitals that assembled a group of doctors trained at the top universities of Europe and America, these doctors took planes to emigrate from it, as Economist magazine reported.

The American magazine quoted one of the surgeons as saying that his salary, paid in Lebanese pounds, equates to 200 dollars a month, meaning he is paid less than one dollar an hour, and another doctor mentioned that the hospital it works in it was destroyed because of the massive explosion that took place in the port of the capital, Beirut. August 4 last.

In the midst of the worsening economic crisis, nearly 400 Lebanese doctors, nearly 3 percent of the total workforce, left last year.

Migration coincides with the high rates of infection with the emerging corona virus pandemic, as more than 80 percent of the intensive care beds in Lebanese hospitals are occupied, o the complete closure, as did Tunisia, which completely closed the country in case of its inability to another wave of the virus. Especially as 40% of Tunisian doctors registered with the Syndicate work abroad.

Although there is no world-class standard for healthcare, the World Health Organization offers at least 45 doctors and nurses for every 10,000 people, and at least nine Arab countries fall under this standard, according to the magazine.

Egypt has fewer than five doctors for every 10,000 people in 2018, noting that Egyptian universities graduate about 7,000 medical colleges annually (15 percent more than the United States compared to the population) , which means that these skills are not the result of loss of skills.

And once doctors graduate, many want to leave their country because of poor wages, as a new doctor in Egypt can earn between 2000 and 2500 Egyptian pounds (128-160 US dollars) a month, which well below average Egyptian family spending for the month which is more than double His salary.

It is worth noting that the Egyptian constitution forced the state in 2014 to spend 3 percent of annual GDP on health care, but this was ignored as spending did not reach 1.4 percent of GDP in 2018. In the three years on after the constitution was approved, it decreased. The number of hospital beds per 10,000 people increased by 8 per cent, from 15.6 to 14.3.

Working conditions in Iraq are also pushing the emigration of doctors, especially after wars have destroyed the country’s healthcare system, as there are only 13 beds per 10,000 people, compared with 22 in Saudi Arabia and 28 in Turkey.

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