The European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) in October reported this year's epidemiological surveillance report of 13,547 measles cases registered between 12 months from 1 September last year and 31 August this year for 28 European Economic Areas (EU) and Economic Europe (EEA).
For measles cases over the last 12 months, all EU and EEA countries have been reported. The most commonly reported Greek is 3171, and then France with 2792 cases, Italy with 2718, Romania with 1765 and Great Britain with 1007 cases. During this period, 38 cases of measles related death were registered in the Member States, Arja added.
In Latvia, it was reported to SPKC for 65 suspected rash cases during this period, but the diagnosis of "measles" was approved in 23 cases since December 18 last year, including six children.
Arah stressed that the sick children had not been vaccinated against measles, but four of them had not been vaccinated. In three cases, children are infected with bites during a trip. A total of nine infections are likely to occur outside Latvia, including two overseas residents.
As the SPKC representative states, cases of measles are related to a reduction in vaccination provision.
"Science and practice have proven, in order to avoid rash cases, at least 95% of the population must be vaccinated with two doses of vaccine," Arja explained.
He reminded that measles are an extremely infectious disease because measles virus spreads easily between individuals who are vulnerable through airborne and direct contact. Larger spread through air foods as well as by direct contact. The burden may be a very serious disease, as it occurs with serious complications, especially for under-fives, adults over the age of 20, those with immune and pregnant women.
The SPCC stressed that vaccination is safe and effective only for effective measles against measles. Combined vaccine against measles, rubella and the epidemic (MPR) vaccine are used for vaccination. Maximum protection requires two dosage of vaccine. As a result, in Latvia and in other countries, the vaccination calendar for children provides two MPRs. The first child gets a child in 12-15 months, but reinforcement in Latvia is seven years old.
According to Arga, with special risks of infection, for example, when planning a trip with a baby to a country affected by measles, and after contacting measles, it is recommended that the first pot should be taken before reaching the specified age in the vaccination calendar, that is, of six years old. However, at 12-15 years old, pots need to be made and reinforcement vaccines should be done according to the vaccination calendar – seven years old.
The SPKC epidemiologists evaluate the measles against measles in children so comparatively good, and this is the reason why there were years in Latvia when no rash case was registered.
At the same time, the SPCC invites parents to reassess the child's vaccination status, especially when traveling on an international trip.
Analysis of SPCC immunization data shows that this year's measles, rubella and epidemic immunization have increased compared to the corresponding period in 2017 this year, from January to June. In total, during the first half of this year, 98.1% of children received the first MPR pots and 89.5% of the children received the second.