In order to avoid flu, you must protect yourself from the abusions for the incredible viruses, first, who in everyday people in the cold months deprive people of their ability to work, but still age of life Uga Dumpis, Chief Infectious Disease Specialist at the Ministry of Health, explains the most common legends about flu.
Myth of 1 "In order not to have flu infections, strong immunity is adequate"
"Most people are vulnerable to flu viruses regardless of how strong or weak the general immunity is. It's important to have a specific immunity against the influenza virus in question after & # 39; The flu shot is removed or vaccinated. If a person encounters a new type of flu virus, there is a high risk of developing a disease. Years when a new flu virus is still known as a pandemic , affect many more people, "said Dumpis.
"If one thinks – I will not get sick with the flu, because I'm taking vitamins and a man of sport, then it should know – it's not working." Specific immunity and human genetic characteristics affect deaths or immature diseases, and the risk of disease is increased by stress, fatigue, violence, balanced diet, overcrowding and cooling. In turn, several factors determine the severity of flu, including also the body's response.
"There are cases, due to strong immunity, that the organism is" too active "to respond to flu viruses and that the inflammatory processes produce more pronounced symptoms of flu, which means that the disease is more serious, but usually in these cases, thanks to the strong immunity, the patient is recovering successfully, "explained Dumpis.
Myth of 2 "Flu vaccine can be harmful to health"
Any such statement has no evidence that can not be confirmed scientificly; In the opposite, studies have experienced a reliable and effective vaccine. Vaccination can cause cross reactions – fever, inflammation and pain in the stitch site for up to two days.
As a result, it can be convincing that the vaccine is the safest way to prevent the spread of flu. "They pay from both when comparing the price of the vaccine to treatment costs and considering other personal economic losses that are related to illness, such as the use of an illness absence page. Every year people died in Latvia who was able to protect the vaccine, "said Dumpis.
Myth of 3 "The pregnant flu vaccine is particularly dangerous"
Absolutely the opposite! Pregnant women are in great danger, and vaccination is particularly recommended for them, and the state compensates for the cost of buying a 50% flu vaccine for pregnant women.
"Flu is particularly dangerous for pregnant women due to the high temperature that affects the fetus, which adversely affects the development of the fetus and endangers the benefits of pregnancy. It has been shown that pregnant women are can be vaccinated in any period of pregnancy and this is not adversely affecting the neonatal.
In the opposite hand, the baby receives the necessary proteins from the vaccine mother. Doctors who have been treated with the regeneration department of a flu infected woman would never be eager to bring up such cases in their practice. It's awful if a pregnant woman needs Caesareanic because of the flu due to a rebate! "Dumpes of the effects caused by flu.
Myth of 4 "It does not make sense to get a vaccine, because it's not known what flu virus will be this year"
Flu viruses are very variable, so each year, when preparing for the new flu season, examine which vulgar variations were the most common in the previous season in different regions of the world and what changes have occurred in the structure of these viruses. Depending on this, the World Health Organization makes recommendations for the composition of the vaccine for the following term for the northern and southern hemisphere, respectively.
Someone who has been vaccinated against the flu can still be infected with flu, especially if it is an elderly person or a person with immune impairment.
Despite the fact that the flu vaccine can not protect itself from illness in each case, it reduces the need for a hospital for a patient, with complications and flu-related deaths, and this is & # The most effective preventative measure.
Myth of 5 "Flu can only be infected once once a year"
People are more likely to be infected with the most common flu virus, or mainly in the period and territory concerned. Following the flu shot, someone becomes immunized to the relevant flu virus. Given that the flu season lasts from November to May and during the season a number of different flu viruses spread, flu may occur, especially for a non-vaccinated human, as the person and Mutilation is protected from at least three or four of the most common flu viruses.
Usually, the flu epidemic begins in the second half of January, when children return to schools in places where they are "after-the-day" exchange viruses, and the infection quickly spreads to other populations.
Myth of 6 "A person gets infected after he first appeared on flu symptoms"
No – a flu infected person spreads the virus one day before he feels the signs of the disease – fever, bone loss, dry cough, throat pain, weakness and loss of appetite. It should be remembered that the infection is also distributed to people who appear healthy or those with easy symptoms because they continue to attend educational establishments, work and other public places.
The virus spreads in the form of the small sentences, the squeal has infected, coughing and even talking, or through home items shaking or touching a connection. Infections can be very easy, for example, by touching the treatment of the door and then rubing the nose or the mouth with the unclean hands. When reaching the airways, the virus ends quickly, and after a few days or even several hours, a person suddenly feels sick. In order to reduce the spread of the infection, there is a need to wash hands, often clean rooms, and, as far as possible, avoid visiting public places, especially during the flu epidemic.
The Ministry of Health and Disease Prevention and Control Center have prepared the material in the public awareness campaign "Do not let the flu catch yourself!" The aim of the campaign is to encourage flu vaccination of the population and raise awareness of the importance of vaccination, especially in those populations that are at high risk of flu-related complications.