The emergence of resistant antibiotic covers, especially (but not only) in the area of intensive hospital care, opens uncertain scenarios: will we return to the period where we died of infections? Already 33,000 people died in 2015 in Europe, as antibiotics were no longer working; in Switzerland the victims were 276.
Growth in our hospitals – such as E. coli in the urine tract – is increasingly difficult to treat, as the bacteria are super and the treatments are available in have a fresh or almost water effect. In Switzerland, as in Europe, the authorities together with doctors, pharmacists, vets and farmers have started strategies, investing millions, to reduce the use of antibiotics in medicine (even the thing itself!), In medicine veterinary surgeons and to interfere with waters contamination. The question is serious: the overnight nightmare could mean that we go back to the Middle Ages of the medication. A patient who has been weakened in the hospital can die from trivial infection as before antibiotics. In England, bacteria were estimated to be resistant to 200,000 people infected and cause a national emergency if pharmaceutical research does not detect effective medication.
In light of these scenarios, there is no need to worry – because concern and fear further weaken us – but it's good to know.
We can not control what is in the water, where antibiotics resistant bacteria are suddenly discovered in Switzerland. They come into the lakes and rivers with wastewater. The purification plants eliminate up to 99% and Bern promises that they will be improved.
Instead, we can avoid taking antibiotics when they are not needed. These are medicines that kill bacteria or constrain their growth, but they are ineffective against viruses. So sinusitis, bronchitis or colds are often useless. A recent UK GP practice show that they prescribe antibiotics in 29 cases per thousand patients, a figure below 2013 (40 per 1,000 visits). Why so much unemployed pill? Due to the pressure of patients, for requiring a parent with the fever child, so as not to losing a client?
Ticino is not well placed, the number of antibiotics is used higher than German speaking cousin, but also enhances thanks to a campaign in hospitals that promote effective but shorter antibiotic therapies to avoid resistance resistance. And more: there was an end of an internal study that 14.4% of more antibiotics were prescribed in patients in one of the four Ticinese hospitals (when they were discharged from the operation). In short, even among doctors and surgeons, those who need to be sensitive, because it is not possible to justify big differences between nosocomas.
Finally, there is a chapter of vets, where antibiotics can cause the choice of germs that can reach our food chain. We eat products with minimal bacterial contamination. These germs reach our resistance factors, which have already been acquired in the animal, transferring the resistance to bacteria. In the Escherichia coli contaminated poultry meat samples, half of the bacteria were resistant to many classes of antibiotics (in Switzerland, these bacteria were present in 41.9%, decrease).
Choosing responsible for what to eat, how to care for it and how to treat animals, makes the difference, because we are all bound: the individual's choice affects the community.