KONTAN.CO.ID – Jakarta. The child’s stage of growth and development is also supported by the child’s stage of dentition. Children generally go through 3 stages of teeth.
The first stage is the primary tooth phase, the second phase is the permanent tooth mixed phase and the third phase is the permanent tooth phase.
The first stage begins when you first grow teeth between the ages of 8 and 14 months and ends when permanent teeth grow in the oral cavity, which is about 5-6 years old.
In this stage, a child’s normal oral cavity contains only 20 primary teeth that include 10 in the upper jaw and 10 in the lower jaw. When permanent teeth have begun to grow in the oral cavity, the second stage begins and ends when all primary teeth have fallen out at about 12 years of age.
Toothbrushes should be part of the child’s learning process, as children are used to showering, getting clean and washing their hands before eating. This causes the need for parents to learn oral cleansing, especially toothbrushes, from a young age. So when do children start brushing their teeth?
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When do children start brushing their teeth?
Summarized from the Association of Indonesian Pediatricians (IDAI) page, brushing or brushing the teeth itself is done when the first tooth grows in the child’s oral cavity, however, getting the child to have his or her teeth cleaned oral cavity done since the child was born.
Because, from an early age, children have been eating breast milk. Efforts to control bacteria and oral fungi were already under way at that time.
Some steps that can help children get used to cleaning the oral cavity are cleaning the gums before signs of teeth grow.
Then, clean the swollen (stick out gums) as a sign of tooth appearance and cleaning after the teeth have grown in the oral cavity. This step is important so that children get used to cleaning their mouth cavity and reducing children’s sensitivity, such as easy vomiting on the presence of a toothbrush in the mouth.
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Cleansing the oral cavity in the gum area that has not yet removed a leg and the tongue is done using a sterile gauze, at least 2-3 times a day. Age 0-1 years apart from the initial period of oral cavity cleaning, is also the initial age of the first visit to the dentist, especially before the age of 12 months.
When swelling starts as an early sign of primary tooth growth, cleansing in the swelling area can be done using a toothbrush with soft hairs.
This cleaning process must be ongoing and once the teeth have appeared in the oral cavity, using a real toothbrush to clean teeth becomes a normal obligation that people have to do.
Several manufacturers have sold toothbrushes in different sizes that are tailored to the child’s oral developmental needs and ease of holding by the child or caregiver.