Chennai: On Chronic Obstructive Chronic Obstructive Disease (COPD) Day, doctors in the city say that the disease has seen a sharp rise due to corruption and secondhand smoke.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a group of increasing lung diseases, including emphysema, chronic bronchitis and asthma that cause severe breathing and aggravation. Because of its similarity in symptoms, the disease is often misunderstood, he says, doctors.
According to the World Health Organization, around 64 million people have COPD worldwide. Over 3 million people of COPD died in 2005. As the study, COPD will become the third leading cause of death by 2030 worldwide.
"Ninety percent of COPDs are today diagnosed," said Dr P K Thomas Pulmonologist, Fortis Malar Hospital. "It's a simple diagnosis, but getting the tool that is used to diagnose very scarce will not be available in a village or town," said Dr Thomas, where the need is really higher.
The first element to prevent COPD is to recognize that most rural India, in particular, may be open to COPD because of joint working closely with firewood. "Symptoms of lung disease tend to slowly go up and people often adapt their daily activities automatically to provide or reduce their symptoms rather than get help," he said.
Sufficient data is also not available on the disease such as tier II or III cities and smaller towns have no way of recording COPD.
The number of new cases of COPD grows almost three times faster in women than in men every year, doctors say with 34 per cent of women in the workplace, there were 54 domestic women and 12 per cent in the home and workplace are subject to passive smoking.
"COPD is irreversible and damage to the lungs can not be repaired." However, early diagnosis can help prevent further lung damage and enable a person to live a normal life, with medication and lifestyle specific changes, says Dr Thomas.