As the World identified Diabetes Day on Wednesday, the readers were advised to eat freshly, using more fresh fruit and vegetables.
They should also try to avoid / reduce fatty foods and exercise for at least 30 minutes daily. Having a normal health check is another important factor.
Doctors describe diabetes as a chronic disease, which can not be transmitted where blood sugar rises, hyperglycaemia. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas, organ in the body, does not produce enough insulin, which results in Type 1 diabetes, or when the body can not use insulin effectively, and # 39; leading to Type 2 diabetes.
Dr. described Modupe Akinyinka, Senior Lecturer and Public Health Consultant in Department of Community Health and Primary Health Care, State University College of Medicine (LASUCOM) Lagos, insulin as a hormone that regulates blood sugar.
"Hyperglycaemia or high blood sugar is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes, which over time leads to serious damage to many body systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels," he said.
Akinyinka explained that the government can help to prevent diabetes by encouraging citizens to eat Healthily and practice through public health campaigns, providing enabling environment, such as walking routes and cycle routes, so that people can exercise more, increase taxes on tobacco and forced "no smoking in public".
He said: "The causes of Type 1 diabetes are not clear, but risk factors for Type 2 include additional body weight, obesity and physical inactivity, lack of exercise. Diabetes can also occur during pregnancy, which is known as indicative diabetes.
"The symptoms of diabetes include excessive exclusion of urine (polyuria,) thirst, polydipsia, constant hunger, weight loss, changes in appearance and fatigue.
"Type 1 diabetes is more common in younger people, while Type 2, which used to be more prevalent among adults, becomes more common among younger people because of a lifestyle. Women may have more risk factors, such as be more obese, but diabetes in the sexes often varies in different populations.
"Diabetes inhibits include the delivery and maintenance of healthy body weight. More weight control activities are needed. People should also avoid taking sugar and saturated fat, as well as tobacco use. Smoking increases the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
Consultant GP, Dr Chukwuma Ogunbor explained that diabetes mellitus could be distributed to four main groups, based on the case.
He said: "For example, Type 1 diabetes as a result of the body's immune system, which should usually protect the body from harm, attack the pancreas, the organ that produces insulin. This leads to a lack of insulin , which prevents the intake and adequate use of glucose in the blood. It is often seen in children, young people and young adults. It has a strong genetic presumption, which accounts for about 10 Percentage of patients with diabetes mellitus.
"The second group is Type 2 diabetes. A disorder is largely influenced by the lifestyle of a number of members of modern societies, so that it has reached epidemic proportions . The main determinants are to increase the age, obesity, ethnicity and family history of diabetes.
"It is assumed to a state known as insulin resistance, which has an insulin impairment, which means that the insulin available does not work sufficiently to clear blood glucose . It accounts for 90 percent of diabetes mellitus.
Mellitus diabetes can lead to diseases of pancreas, such as pancreatitis, pancreas and tumors. Such drugs can also be triggered as anti-bat, beta-blockers, thiazide, steroids, anti-abnormal hocetoin, immune depression, agents and antipsychotic.
"The third group is gestational diabetes mellitus, which develops during pregnancy. Like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes affects how cells use sugar glucose, gestational diabetes is causing sugar High blood that can affect the baby's pregnancy and health.
"However, it can be managed by eating healthy foods, practicing and, if necessary, taking medication prescribed by your doctor. Blood sugar control can prevent a difficult birth and keep the patient and the baby healthy.
"Blood sugar usually returns to normal after its introduction. If patients have a tragic record of diabetes, they are at risk of Type 2 diabetes.
"The fourth group is unsubstituted blood sugar in affected persons, which can cause heart disease, heart attack, kidney disease, visual impairment, erectile defects, tingling and body sickness, stroke and prejudice to developing infections and ulcers, which can improve or move to the point where estimation can be considered. "