2018 World Diabetes Day
Diabetes has become a recent home name and is now a global bandemic. Ironically, the more familiar it is, the attitude towards it remains passive. The effect of diabetes is largely underestimated among the ordinary people. In fact, diabetes is accepted as an inevitable condition that must be faced as one age. In the opposite, under the inadequate clog of typical age illness & # 39; hides chronic controversial illness that stimulates the physical, mental and social well-being of its own. It also puts a long-term financial burden on the patient and his or her family. Diabetes is mainly prevented by compliance with a specific lifestyle and prevention. This process is better than improving, especially in the absence of improvement.
November 14 marks World Diabetes Day. It is also the anniversary of Sir Fredrick Banting, who discovered Insulin along with Charles Best in 1922. The International Diabetes Foundation (IDF) and World Health Organization (WHO) commemorate this day annually & # 39; in response to increasing concerns about the diabetes risk increase in diabetes. The campaign highlights issues that are crucial to the world of diabetes and keeps diabetes firmly in the public and political lighting. Every year, World Diabetes Day focuses on a specific case, and for the year 2018-2019, the "family and diabetes" theme.
Diabetes is mainly prevented by compliance with a specific lifestyle and prevention. This process is better than improving, especially in the absence of improvement
According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), a two-year period of time was chosen to facilitate best planning, development, promotion and participation. The uses and actions that IDF will develop over the two years of the campaign will aim to raise awareness of the effects diabetes have on the family and support the network of & # 39 ; those affected. They will also help to promote the family's role in the management, care, prevention and diabetes education.
Diabetes is a disease, or rather, a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood glucose levels. Understanding the basic pathophysiology of diabetes is essential. The food we eat contains carbohydrates and for the body to use the carbohydrates used, it must be cut to Glucose, a simpler form. Glucose is an important source of energy for body tissues, and it's the main source of fuel to the brain. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. The role of this hormone is essential in carbohydrate metabolism, as it circulates in the bloodstream, enabling glucose to be used by body cells. After absorbing and using, too much glucose would be stored in the liver, to be used in the future, as a source of contingent fuel. In cases where blood glucose is low, liver contributes to the maintenance of glucose in the blood within the normal range. In diabetic patients, insulin production is inadequate, and therefore can not be used by body cells, glucose builds up in the bloodstream. This results in high blood sugar. In some cases, insulin production is yet adequate, but body cells do not know and respond to the hormone. High blood sugar levels are steadily, gradually start taking tolls and tissue damage and cause the failure of different organs.
Type 1 diabetes, also known as the initial diabetes of diabetes, type 2 diabetes, also known as diabetes that begins adults and significant diabetes that occurs during pregnancy is the three main types of diabetes of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes can not be prevented or started diabetes and occurs due to an autonomous reaction where your own immune system destroys insulin production cells, due to unknown reasons yet. This type shows among children and young adults, which asks them to rely on insulin injections throughout their lives. The second type equates to 90% of diabetes cases in the world. Type 2 diabetes can be apparent at any time of adulthood and develop due to lack of insulin or insulin resistance. It may not be ignored in many, and almost always present in obese or overweight individuals. This type of control can be controlled in the early stages by adjusting a lifestyle, but oral and insulin drugs would be required, depending on the extent and sequence of the disease. Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy and is associated with complications to the mother and child. The condition is spontaneously resolved after pregnancy. The mother and child are at risk of having type 2 diabetes later in their lives and have to control their lifestyle accordingly.
Around 425 million diabetes cases are known from 2018 and this number is expected to increase significantly by 2030. In addition to the adverse health consequences, diabetes gives members & # 39 an emotional and financial burden ; the family of patients. Often, family members of the patient have been identified to change their lifestyle and food habits to accommodate the patient. Being a chronic disease that requires medication, regular checks and specific food habits over long periods have made diabetes a expensive disease that needs to be prevented from avoiding losing quality in life.
Realizing that diabetes does not affect an individual alone, but affects everyone who is related to their family, it can be the first step to encourage people to be more aware and cautious. Families are building blocks and society. Families who have a chronic illness pregnancy and have to combat the cascade of emotional and economic outcomes summarize the whole society. Every great effort to change lifestyles and raise awareness taken by a proactive person to tackle diabetes in the long term will eliminate this pandemic.
Credits: International Diabetes Federation, worlddiabetesday.org