An increasing list of infections such as pneumonia, TB, blood poisoning and gonorrhea are becoming more difficult to treat as antibiotics become less effective due to overuse.
If a bacterium carries a number of resistance genes, it is called multifunctional or superbug. New resistance mechanisms in bacteria are emerging and spreading globally, threatened to be able to treat common infectious diseases. Without urgent action, we are leading for a post-antibiotic period where common infections and minor injuries can be killed again.
Antibiotics are used to prevent and treat bacterial infections – not viral infections. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of antibiotics, by resisting them. Bacteria, not people or animals, are resistant to antibiotics.
Bacteria fight back
The use of antibiotics for viral infections causes an antibiotic collision
Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections such as the common energy, flu, the most severe neck, bronchitis, and many sinus and ear infections. The extensive use of antibiotics for this illness is an example of how the overuse of antibiotics can promote the spread of antibiotic resistance.
In countries without standardized treatment guides, antibiotics are often over-prescribed by health workers and vets and are overused by the public. There are countries where antibiotics can be purchased for human or animal use without prescription that appears that an antibiotic resistant device appears and aggravates.
What can be done about antibiotic resistance?
The world urgently needs to change the way it prescribes and uses antibiotics. Even if new medicines are being developed, without changing behavior, antibiotic resistance will continue to be a major threat.
What you can do to control the spread of antibiotic resistance
- Only use antibiotics when a certified health professional has prescribed.
- Never call for antibiotics if your health worker says they do not need them.
- You should always finish your course of antibiotics.
- Always follow the advice of your health worker when using antibiotics.
- Never divide or use antibiotics.
- Preventing infections by regularly washing hands, preparing food hygiene, avoiding close contact with sick people, safer sex practice, and keeping up-to-date vaccinations.
INFORMATION: antibiotic resistance