Saturday , January 22 2022

A new discovery can change the way in which heart attacks are treated


Heart attacks are urgent medical conditions, which occur as a result of the intervention of the bloodstream to the heart, which is often caused by a stroke. A new study was carried out in Sweden, which highlights a finding that could change current guidance on the treatment of heart attacks.

Igs or Igs are known as a type of protein produced by plasma cells in the blood. These antibodies often interact with the immune system to fight harmful foreign objects.

Researchers from the Karolenska Foundation recently found in Solna, Sweden that some antibodies – which are related to rheumatic diseases – are present in large numbers of people who have already had a heart attack.

These antibodies are antibodies to phospholipid-APLs, which are abnormal bodies that attack some body-produced tissues, such as cardiolipin (lipoprotein) and beta-2-glycoprotein (protein plasma).

Scientists have noticed that these objects are usually seen in people with rheumatic diseases, such as lupus and lupus systemic erythemates.

It was also noted that increasing their presence increased the risk of blood clots, such as phospholipid antiboder syndrome – APS ..

Antibodies are detected at high levels

In the current study, researchers observed the presence of apls in a prolific way in the bodies of many people who had already had a heart attack and had not been infected with automatic diseases.

The researchers worked with 800 people from 17 Swedish hospitals who had had a heart attack. In order to achieve the results, an equal number of healthy people were employed for surveillance. Blood samples were analyzed twice, once after 6 weeks of infection, and once after 10 weeks.

The researchers were looking for three different types of APL, namely: immunoglobulin G, globulin M, and globulin A.

When examining data, 11% of participants had high rates of APL, 10 times more than habit.

"I have been convinced for a long time that antibodies are more common than we believe, and I have now been able to analyze their presence," said Elisabet Svenungsson.

So how can these results change from therapeutic guides?

Although the results showed that G-globulins were present at high levels in volunteers, they were at risk of having a stroke, but researchers recognize that these results do not reflect APL levels correctly; They may be a one-time response to heart attacks.

However, if high aPL levels last over 3 months, the patient is diagnosed with phospholipid antibody syndrome, which results in more blood clots.

Professor Svenungsson explained: "In this case, the patient is treated with antifargeant warfarin, to reduce the risk of new blood clots."

الف Phospholipid: type of fat, is an essential element of cellbilen.

الذ Lupus: Chronic inflammatory disease, caused by the immune system that attacks body cells.

Lupus erythematosus systemic: Autoimmune disease that occurs as a result of the immune system infection. This is called a lupus rash on the brags and the nation bridge.

متلازمة Phospholipid antibody syndrome: a blood clotting disorder, which can lead to complications related to pregnancy, such as abortion, poisoning of pregnancy, or the birth of a dead child.

  • Translation: Shaima Mamdouh
  • Check: Patent left
  • Edit: زيد أبو الرب


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