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FT: The rapid medical revolution in Africa faces old challenges



The main causes of human death are not viruses, bacteria or microbes that have now been lying in places for thousands of years. For the first time in modern human history, the world's largest killers are untransferable diseases, such as cancer, heart disease or stroke. It's all around the world, including Africa. This shift is an unexpected and unexpected success, writing Financial Times.

Infectious diseases are not the main cause of death in Africa since 2011. In 2015, diseases such as dysentiwm, pneumonia, malaria or tuberculosis in the continent of Africa accounted for 44 per cent of all deaths. This number is still high, in most parts of the world, infectious diseases account for less than ten percent of the total number of deaths.

However, the rate in which the number of infection victims in Africa is declining is desirable. Over the last decades, their numbers have dropped three to four times faster than in developed countries. Africa goes through an extremely fast medical revolution.

In 1990, 25 per cent of the total number of deaths in poor countries died in diseases such as diabetes or cancer. In 2040, this proportion would be 80 per cent.

Increase in the number of irreversible diseases is partly explained by the fact that people live long enough to develop the disease. Many people from poorer countries still face such illnesses later than people from developed countries. Heart disease, diabetes and other diseases, known as civilization diseases, actually become the diseases of the poor.

According to the medical expert, Thomas Bollyky, poor countries must face the consequences of their success. This is because these countries fight infectious diseases with medical help from the international community. In developed countries it was not so. In the US cities between 1900 and 1936, deaths fell mainly due to water filters and chlorination. Better hygiene, quarantine and education had a beneficial effect before effective drugs emerged.

Poor countries achieve the same results faster, but often without the organizational changes that have gone through the cities in the developed world. Child mortality has decreased. But the result is too often ill adults living without adequate healthcare or employment opportunities.

Therefore, poor states would have to spend more money on preventing and treating unavoidable diseases. African elites often ignore the problem and look for care abroad. However, those who stay in these countries, at best, have very limited healthcare.

Africa is a portfolio in a remarkable pace, but cities are often inappropriate and crowded by sick people.

Referral to civilization diseases must be in Africa and overseas organizations. Cancer, illness of the highest respiratory tract, heart disease and diabetes account for 60 per cent of deaths worldwide. However, only one percent of all help to developing countries that are spent on healthcare for treating untransferable diseases.

Bad statements should also take action against pollution and tobacco products. African governments should object to makers of cigarettes and other champions of unhealthy ways.

FT: The rapid medical revolution in Africa faces old challenges

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