2018-11-30 03:12:44 Source: Beijing Youth Daily
Change happens only to calmly happen
Understand China through TV
Since the 1980's, television has replaced radio and film, becoming the most popular media. In 1983, the government began "four-level television". There was a first level administrative organ, and there was a world class television station. The new media in the 1980s became the new party and country background. Despite the deterioration of the influence of mobile television in recent years with an increase in mobile Internet, there is no doubt that the first decade of the 1980s to the new century is the "thirty-one-year-old gold" of television media. Changes in Chinese society can be seen through television.
Television is a vehicle that is very close to family space. In the West, after the Second World War, with the increase in middle class and television adoption, television has gone to thousands of homes, replacing the fireplace in the Western family living room, occupying & The most important situation. . In the 1950s, China learned to manufacture television and broadcast technology from the Soviet Union. In 1958, the Beijing Television Station was established, becoming a first television station in China and a CCTV predecessor. It's 60 years this year. After the television becomes mass media, it has two sides: on the one hand, it's a higher technology that educates people and extends new information. There is an "electronic clairvoyant eye" that can transfer images over long distances; On the other hand, there is a relaxing tool for entertainment and paralysis. The main penalty in entertainment to death. The real popularity of television in China is a social process that is separated from the unit in conjunction with the family contract responsibility system after the reform and opening.
Television in the 1980s was not used as the official media only, but it became mainstream media with the most credibility and authority. Most importantly, the television culture at the time acted as a transformation of a revolutionary culture into mass culture. Popular TV and music plays from the US, Japan, and other countries in Hong Kong and Taiwan have spread through television in the mainland, making Jin Yong martial arts dramas, Qiong Yao romance plays, and American police plays is a popular form of literature and art. Compared to the literature and revolutionary art that is too political and emphasizes "combined ethics", mass culture has the characteristics of individuality, goods, materials and urban culture.
At the same time, the mainland has also begun to produce its own popular culture for television broadcasts, such as "Journey to the West" (1986), it began to adapt to "four redbirds" (1987) and four Another famous workshop to a TV series. These television plays are still sophisticated, the adaptation of the play is not loyal to the original or creatively using the new media from television to show the spirit of classical literature, but also the actors 'performance is great, in line with the characters' features. This is related to the simple production "art spirit" of the simultaneous production team, and also associated with cultural management mode under the planned economic system. It's an art product in the pre-commercial and pre-star season.
At the turn of the 1980s and 1990s, major land secretaries represented by Wang Wei played the role of cultural traders and took an active role in producing popular cultural industries such as film and television dramas, Wang Wei, Wei Ren, Mo Yan, Hai Yan, His Tong, Liu. Heng, Liu Zhenyun, Ma Weidu and others formed the "Hai Ma Film and Television Creation Center" (1988), which specializes in the sale of scripts, such as the "Hunger" television series (1990), "The Story of the Editorial Department "(1991)," Love You Not Trafted "(1992)," Huangcheng Gener "(1992) and so on associated with the creation of this group. Wang Wei mentioned the process of creating an "Hunger" in a mass culture article, just realized that TV production had really typed, which is very different from the writing of personal writers. Industrial and industrial production organization, this is the characteristic feature of popular culture.