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2018 China's urban business environment: Shanghai-Suijing first Shenzhen, the main five-page _ regional macro channel – Finance News – CAIJING.COM.CN


2018 China's urban business environment site: Shenzhen first, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Beijing, top five

Introduction: One of the city's core tasks with continuous improvement in the business environment is to reduce land costs. Cities of the same class, if they are in a price trip, are attractive to entrepreneurs and different types of investment. Each city should provide a hosting environment for emerging industries, accelerate the liberation of some restrictions on some industries, and develop emerging industries obviously energetic.

Guangdong, Hong Kong to Macau Bay Area Research Institute

The urban business environment in the Pearl River Delta region has performed well throughout the country.

According to the China Urban Business Environment Appraisal Report 2018 released by the Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and Dawan District Research Institute on December 3, 2018, Shenzhen's Business Business Environment Index was first, Shanghai was the second, and Guangzhou, Beijing and Chongqing in the top five. The sixth to tenth places are Chengdu, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Changsha and Wuhan.

Eleventh to the twentieth of the urban business environment index is Xi'an, Qingdao, Kunming, Guiyang, Ningbo, Xiamen, Zhengzhou, Tianjin, Dalian and Nanchang. The top ten are Haikou, Jinan, Urumqi, Xining, Yinchuan, Taiyuan, Harbin, Hohhot, Lanzhou and Shijiazhuang.

According to the requirements of the Central Government and the State Council, some megacities should lead to the intensification of business and business reform, creating a stable, fair, transparent and predictable business environment, and accelerating the work of build an open new economic system.

On November 28, Premier Li Keqiang chaired the National Council's executive meeting to listen to the optimization and business environment report and decided to carry out an evaluation of the Chinese business environment.

The National Development and Reform Commission will publish a site of more than 20 cities in the country at the end of December. In the future, the national authorities will list the business environment of cities above the level of prefecture. The sites are linked to some of the World Bank indicators, which are mainly related to soft environment indicators.

In order to understand the improvement of the business environment in major cities throughout the country during the past year and to find ways to improve the level of business environment, the Guangdong District, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan Area Research Group have produced "The 2018 Urban Urban Business Assessment Report of China ".

The report runs 35 large and medium-sized cities, and uses the soft environment, infrastructure, business cost, market environment, social services and ecological environment to measure the six indicators, and then subtract options under each indicator. Compared to the previous year's business environment index, this year, the number of market participants per thousand people and the growth rate of permanent residents has increased.

Shenzhen Business Business Environment Index first

According to estimates, Shenzhen was first in the business environment index of 35 cities in 2018.

Shenzhen has achieved this result, which is related to the good performance of a number of indicators. According to the calculations, Shenzhen was first in the soft environment index in 2018, third in the market environment index, fifth in the infrastructure index, and sixth in the eco-environment index.

In 2017, Shenzhen's resident population growth rate was 4.59%, which ran first in the country. The CMC and pen were the first in the country, and the growth rate of investment was the second in the country. The excellent indicators in all aspects make Shenzhen jump to the top.

In terms of soft environment, Shenzhen scored the first in the country. In the last year, the resident population of Shenzhen grew 4.59%, which ran first in the country, with a new resident population of 620,000. The number of participants in the Shenzhen market (organizations and individuals involved in trading activities) was 3.061 million, the only city in the country that is more than 3 million. The number of registered players in the market per 1,000 people in Shenzhen and the number of new market participants in 2017 is the highest in the country.

There are 244 market entities per 1,000 people in Shenzhen, which are more than twice Beijing and Shanghai. The number of market entities added by Shenzhen in one year even has reached the total of all market entities registered in some provincial capital cities. By the end of 2017, the number of market participants in more than 10 cities across the country was more than 1 million.

Shenzhen's investment growth rate is the second in the country. The eco-environment index runs sixth in the country, and the average annual concentration of PM 2.5 is the fourth lowest in the country. The fifth is the infrastructure index in the country, the market environment index is the third in the country, and the GDP per head is the first in the country.

At the same time, some softer environments in the cities of Mid Wales have improved and really. In 2018, the fast environment environment index of many cities grew rapidly, such as Changsha, Xi, Wuhan, Chengdu, Guiyang, etc., and these places attract college students strongly to work and start businesses, giving subsidies and favorable housing prices.

Changsha ran 31st in the soft environment index in 2017 and second in the soft environment index in 2018, which is associated with registered enterprises, investment growth and population growth. At the end of 2017, there were 103 market entities per 1,000 people, which were close to Hangzhou and exceeded Beijing and Shanghai (less than 100 market participants per thousand). In 2017, Changsha added 23 market participants per thousand people, an eighth site in the country. The resident population growth rate in Changsha is 3.57%, second in the country, just below Shenzhen, exceeds the eastern cities of Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Ningbo and Xiamen.

The above report gave an early warning that the business environment site in some cities will decline in 2019. According to the latest data, the urban business environment index may change greatly in 2019, and the sites may environmental in Chongqing, Tianjin and Guiyang are declining.

In the list of business cost index in 2019, the price-to-income ratio of many second-tier cities can go to the first tier cities, which make these cities less competitive. For example, in 2018, the prices of the first three tier city cities of Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen are declining, but cities such as Hangzhou, Guangzhou, Chengdu, Xi, Wuhan, Fuzhou, Qingdao and Chongqing have seen a significant increase in prices housing in the first three quarters of this year. This year, the housing housing ratio ratio of Guangzhou is more than Shanghai, and the housing housing ratio ratio of Xiamen is more than that of Shenzhen. In conducting a business cost estimate in 2019, there may be a large number of new first tier cities whose housing price-to-income ratio will be higher than that that is close to first-tier cities, which will reduce the potential Developing new first tier cities.

It is recommended that all cities control house prices strictly

The Urban Business Environment 2018 Report suggests that cities should accelerate the improvement of the business environment, and some cities with rapid housing prices need to control house prices strictly.

Reducing land costs is one of the city's core tasks that have a continuous improvement in the business environment. Cities of the same class, if they are in a price trip, are attractive to entrepreneurs and different types of investment.

For example, Changsha is a second-tier city with a total economic output similar to Wuhan, Hangzhou, Chengdu, Hangzhou and Nanjing, but the price is significantly lower than these cities, which is the reason for attracting a large number from college students to Changsha.

The prices of cities in the north, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Hangzhou are already high. Xi's, Wuhan and Chengdu also catch up with the first tier cities. These cities can provide low cost commercial housing directly for college students and talents, and can also adopt the shared housing development approach.

Everyone, the city can attract college graduates to settle down and whether young people should be determined to determine the fate of urban development. In Zhengzhou, Wuhan, Chengdu, Xi, Changsha, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Hefei, Qingdao, Shenyang and other cities, there are a large number of college graduates. If a large proportion of graduates stay in the local area, it will help improve the local labor structure and Innovation and development.

In addition, every city should be well placed to become a specific gateway city.

From the perspective of the urban business environment in 2018, Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen are mainly listed and have their own unique advantages. Beijing is the China's political, scientific and international exchange center and the portal to international exchanges. Shanghai is the international, international, economic and technological center of China. Here is the first free trade pilot zone and the first annual meeting of the import fair. The open port of China. As a global technology application transformation center, Shenzhen is the gateway to China's science and technology development. The highest use of consumer social goods in Guangzhou is the highest in the country. Location of National Import and Export Fair and portal to China business development.

Other cities should be well placed. For example, Kunming is the gateway city to China exchanges with South Asian countries. Yinchuan is the gateway city to China exchanges with Arab countries.

As a gateway for China's business development, Guangzhou has the largest number of goods in the country, but its air traffic is behind the country. In 2017, the amount of air passenger flow flows in Guangzhou and Shenzhen was similar to a city in Beijing and Shanghai.

As the company of Pearl River, Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and Dawan District, Guangzhou need to continue to strengthen the future construction of infrastructure, become a gateway city to open China to the world Outside, expand international routes, science and technology development, trade and commerce, high-end manufacturing industries, and become first class Guangdong. One of the core cities of Hong Kong and Macau urban gathering.

The report suggests that cities should provide an easy policy environment for the emerging industries, accelerate the process of liberalizing restrictions on some industries, and develops & # 39 They have been exposed to emerging industries such as driver, private jet and low-power industries. Local government departments need to intervene less in enterprises, and create a level playing field and the greatest support for enterprises. At the same time, we must strongly release the industry's barriers to access, liberalization of the registration and business prerequisites, and implement a commitment system to replace some pre-commendable approvals.

【Author: Dingjun in Coconut](Editor: Wen Jing)

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