Although it affects the lives of 50 million people around the world, scientists remain unknown. In an attempt to combat this condition, The World Health Organization published prevention guidelines, identifying and evaluating 12 risk factors.
Dementia covers a group of diseases that cause memory loss, changes in reasoning and behavioral disorders. The most common disease is Alzheimer's disease, which affects 3.5 million people in the United States alone.
Other examples of dementia include: t
- Huntington's disease
- Lyme disease
- Pick's disease
- Multiple sclerosis
- Injury to the brain
- Parkinson's disease
In most cases, this condition prevents people from continuing with their daily activities. Primarily, because they are degenerative conditions, this means that the damage they cause in the brain cannot be prevented or reversed. Therefore, it is considered one of the main reasons for disability and dependency.
Due to its high number, WHO regarded dementia as a public health problem and professionals, a priority in research. Although the root problem has not yet been identified, different studies shed light on what factors can contribute to the development of this condition.
Although age is the main risk factor for cognitive decline, experts warn that dementia is not a natural or inevitable consequence of aging.
WHO experts used different research to identify others 12 risk factors:
- Alcohol misuse
- High cholesterol levels
- Sudden weight gain.
- Lack of physical activity
- Lack of social contact.
- Poor nutrition
- Hearing loss
- Poor cognitive reserve.
As can be seen, many of the risk factors can be adjusted. For this reason, WHO referred this information to government organizations, with the aim of drafting better prevention and treatment policies.
"We need to do everything possible to reduce the risk of dementia. T The scientific evidence collected for this guidance confirms what we suspect for some time, what is good for our heart is also good for our brain t"Dr. Tedros warned Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director General of the World Health Organization.
The agency also noted that there is robust evidence on measures that can be taken to manage these factors and prevent the risk of dementia, for example: t
- Keep active: As well as its physical benefits, exercise can help keep the brain healthy and young. This is because it prevents an increase in a compound of the name colin, which is responsible for the loss of nerve cells.
- Reduce alcohol consumptionExperts recognize that drinking too much alcohol interrupts the energy that ensures normal brain functioning. As a result, as a result, among other things, the emergence of different neurological changes, among their dementia.
- Mediterranean diet content: This is a diet based on fruit, vegetables, healthy fats (such as olive oil), grains and cereals. Different studies found that their regular use would improve cognitive abilities and reduce the risk of dementia in an important way (work even noted, a reduction of between 30% and 35%).
However, and although the experts regard it as important, there is not enough evidence to guarantee that the use of antidepressants, hearing aids or contact with people is effective in preventing cognitive decline t.
"The existence of adjustable risk factors means that dementia prevention is possible through a public health approach," they said in the World Health Organization official document.
And they added "The action plan aims to improve the lives of people with dementia, their carers and their families, while reducing the impact of this disease on them, as well as in different communities and countries."
More information on dementia: