London The humanitarian crisis is Venezuela accelerates the re-appearance of diseases such as malaria, zika, y chaos a dengue, which also presents health risks to neighboring countries, warns a study announced today by The Lancet.
The research, developed by an international group of experts, indicates that this type of infectious diseases transmitted by vectors (such as mosquitoes or tachies) could cause "public health crises" of "hemispheric" proportions.
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Regional, national and global health authorities can apply "many solutions" to address this situation, even with limited resources, but they must now operate, scientists emphasize in a statement by The Lancet where they also ask the Government of Government to accept "" international humanitarian aid to mitigate the situation.
The crisis, they remember, has led the health system to "collapse" to Venezuelan, while the decline of public health and surveillance programs has favored the progress of cases of this type of disease, as well as spreading into other territories of the country. .
"As well as the re-emergence of measles and other infectious diseases that can be avoided with vaccines, the continued progress in malaria could become unstable soon," warns Martin Llewellyn of the University of Glasgow (the United Kingdom) who has led this work together colleagues in Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil and Ecuador.
For this study, the experts analyzed "published" and "unpublished" data which indicates that the number of malaria cases grew by around 359% between 2010 (29,736 cases) and 2015 (136,402 cases) Venezuela.
Between 2016 and 2017, this increase was 71%, from 240,613 to 411,586 cases of falaria, because they explain, at the high cost of medicines and mosquito control programs.
"The real reality is, due to the absence of surveillance, diagnosis and preventive measures, these figures are likely to be underestimated and the real situation," said Llewellyn.
Chagas, one of the diseases that is being transmitted by a vector that causes heart failure in Latin America, also re-emerges Venezuela, where its "active transfer" is now at the highest level in the last 20 years.
Seroprevalence chagas among children under 10 years between 2008 and 2018 was 12.5% in some communities of the country, compared to 0.5% registered in 1998, its lowest historical rate.
Similarly, the rate of dengue cases has multiplied five years between 2010 and 2016, with 211 cases per 100,000 residents, while the experts have identified six national epidemics – each one more – between 2007 and 2016, compared to four who suffered in the previous 16 years.
Similarly, the prevalence of chikungunya and zika with the ability to cause epidemics increases, as they suspect that up to two million people can catch chikungunya in 2014, a figure of twelve times higher No the official estimate.
This health crisis, added the experts, threatens to spread to other neighboring countries because of the "massive migration" which caused only a daily departure of around 5,500 Venezuelans in 2018.
In this context, some Brazilian border regions have found an increase in "imported malaria cases", such as in Romaira (north), where they have gone from 1,538 in 2014 to 3,129 in 2017, while it is not & # 39; The situation "in other countries" is clear, "observed the scientists.
Therefore, experts offer that the countries strengthen their bilateral cooperation and highlight the successes recently gained by Ecuador and Peru fighting them jointly to control malaria.
They consider it crucial that they reinforce their "supervision and treatment strategies" and share resources related to "information, personnel, medication and insecticides".
Effective management of the "growing health crisis" will also require policies of "regional co-ordination" and "strong commitment" from the national and international community.
"We ask members of the Institute of American States and other international political bodies to put more pressure on the government for citizens to receive the humanitarian aid offered by the international community to strengthen the health system," comes to bless Llewellyn.