Sunday , July 25 2021

Type 2 diabetes can increase cognitive impairment and memory in the elderly

Type 2 diabetes is a disease that affects more than 4 million people in our country alone. For some time now it is known that this type of diabetes is more at risk of suffering from dementia and even a fall in the hippocampus. It was also known that people with diabetes could have brain atrophy, but it was not known if this was more than other people in the long term, or it was causing cognitive loss.

Now, new research finds that older people with type 2 diabetes – even when they do not have dementia – are also more memory loss and oral fluency than those with no diabetes over five years. In addition, these researchers found that this loss does not appear to be associated with a brain tube.

To conduct this study, the researchers They had a participation of 705 people, each without a dementia history and with ages between 55 and 90. Of these 705 older people, there were 348 type 2 diabetes, with an average of 68 years. The other 357 diabetes and their average age did not have 72 years. Both groups have a magnetic resonance image to measure the amount of brain atrophy and brain control. In addition, psychicurone measures were performed to check their cognitive status. Both tests were performed on three occasions for almost five years.

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The researchers also managed variables such as sex, age, educational levels, cardiovascular factors, previous heart attacks, smoking history, cholesterol levels and even body body, so that the results take into account the variables this. The results obtained He suggested that there was an important relationship between suffering from type 2 diabetes and memory loss and oral fluency.

Although they did not detect differences in patients' levels of atrophy – diabetes patients began the investigation with slightly higher atrophy levels, but this was equal over the five years – they noticed that they were not ill with Diabetes even improve their oral fluency a little in those five years, while diabetes patients are significantly worse.

This suggests to the authors of the research that brain tissue is not associated with cognitive loss. What their consequences follow is that the atrophy would begin earlier in people with diabetes, despite the fact that they are generally equalized with the population . In any case, the risks to cognitive ability when we suffer from type 2 diabetes are increasingly obvious for science and another good reason to look after our diet and perform physical activity.

Images | Pixabay

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