MADRID, December 14 (WASK EUROPE) –
Researchers at the Massachusetts Technology Institute (MIT), the Draper and Brigham Laboratory and the Women's Hospital (US) have designed a rigid capsule that Bluetooth wireless technology can control and can be customized to administer medicines, detect environmental conditions or both.
Having produced with 3-D printing technology, they can live in the stomach for at least a month, transfer information and respond to smartphone user directions. They can also be designed to detect infections, allergic reactions or other events, and then release medication in response. These devices could also be used to communicate with other mobile and outputable medical devices, which could build up the information that will be communicated to the patient's smartphone or doctor.
"We are excited about this 3D printing demonstration and how incredible technologies can help people through innovative devices that facilitate mobile applications for health," said one of the study leaders, Robert Langer, a professor at the Institute. David H. Koch and member of the Koch Institute for Integrated Cancer Research at MIT.
In his research, published in the magazine Advanced Materials Technologies, Langer, the researcher Giovanni Traverso and his colleagues, combined many of their features of his / her / front. In 2016, a star-shaped capsule was designed with six arms that folded before installing in a smooth capsule. After swallowing, the capsule is abolished and the arms expand, allowing the device to be installed in the stomach.
Similarly, the new device is used in Y & # 39; after swallowing. This allows the device to remain in the stomach for about a month, before it breaks into smaller pieces and passes through the digestive tract. One of these arms consists of four small parts that can be loaded with a variety of medicines that are released gradually over several days. The researchers also anticipate that they could design the divisions to erase it by Bluetooth.
The device can also carry sensors that monitor the gastric environment and redistribute information through a wireless signal. In previous work, researchers designed sensors that can find essential signs such as heart rate and respiratory rate. In this document, it showed that the capsule could be used to monitor the temperature and to transfer that information directly to a smartphone within arm length.
To allow the production of all these complex elements, researchers decided to print capsules in 3D. This approach allowed them to easily incorporate all components carried by the capsules and built from alternative layers of rigid and flexible polymers, which help it to resist the acidity of the stomach.