Life expectancy continued to fall in the US in 2017 and has accumulated over recent years Historical decline due mainly to the crisis due to drug overdose, according to health statistics published on Thursday.
"Here's the first time we've seen a trend down since the influenza epidemic of 1918 ", says Robert Anderson, head of death statistics at the National Center for Health Statistics, which reveals data. Anderson noted however that the decline was much stronger in 1918.
In 2017, Life expectancy at birth was 76.1 years for men and 81.1 years of age for women. The average for the population was 78.6, compared to 78.9 in 2014.
Also, in three and a half years less than in Canada, on the other side of the border and an overdose also affects that.
"These statistics warn us and show that we are losing many Americans, very soon, for avoidable cases", said director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Robert Redfield.
In 2017, about 70,000 Americans died of drug overdoses, 10% more than in 2016.
In terms of deaths, Anderson compared this situation with the increase of HIV epidemic but with a difference: which was declining rapidly. The statistician expects overdoses to follow the same route. "We are an advanced country, life expectancy must increase, not decrease"he says.
From 35 OECD countries, Icelandic has only recently seen a fall in life expectancy, according to figures up to 2016. In the rest of the places, it has risen or died.
Suicides also increased in 2017 in the United States.
There are two categories of oversite. On the one hand by non-opioid drugs, such as cocaine and methamphetamine and other psychiatrists: to those who died around 27,000 people
But progress is mainly due to the second category: opiates.
This includes heroin, morphine and the semi-synthetic options herein, such as oxycodone, drug drug drugs but are sold on the black market, with the help of complex doctors and laboratories who want to ignore & # 39 ; the problem, and who is the portal usually for reliance.
Most of the deaths come from a new generation of drugs: Synthetic opiateau, such as fentanyl, dozens of times more potent than heroin, where the smallest dose error can be fatal.
He killed the Prince's singer. And he was used to carry out a charge in August in Nebraska.
The rate of death of synthetic opiates has doubled from 2015 to 2016. Last year, 45% increased.
But the 2017 figures revealed details that give relative hope: the number of overdose continues to grow, but at a faster slower.
Preliminary data for 2018 even suggests that the crisis has arrived earlier this year. "But it's hard to say", because Robert Anderson has been careful about just a few months now.
At Staten Island, New York, Dr Harshal Kirane, director of the dependency service, avoids jumping to collections. "It's encouraging to see that the trajectory is curved, without doubt," he told AFP. "But 70,000 are dead, it's hard to digest."
This plague does not affect the same whole country. The center's statements, from Texas to South Dakota, are relatively safe.
The crisis is severe in New England, in the north east corner, where overdose deaths provide more than a quarter of organ donations, oppose traffic accidents.
It is also very strong in two states of the old industrial belt (Ohio and Pennsylvania) and especially in the very bad West Virginia, which is ahead of the sad figure of 58 deaths for each 100,000 people, o 'compared to a national average of 22.